Every year, Notre Dame students travel abroad to more than 30 sites in more than 20 countries. According to the University’s admissions website, more than 50 percent of its students will participate in one of these programs. While studying abroad offers students the opportunity to learn from another culture, the immersive experience also includes new risks and can bring students face-to-face with sexual harassment and assault.Tom Guinan, associate vice president for administrative operations for Notre Dame International, said much like for students studying on the main campus in South Bend, preventing sexual assault is emphasized to those traveling abroad.“This is one of the most important topics that we address prior to students going abroad, and we have mandatory training sessions for all students going abroad,” he said. “We have them in the spring and fall and summertime … we have Keri Kei [Shibata, deputy chief of safety services] and some of the other folks around campus advise students on just prevention.”According to Guinan, there are three main types of study abroad programs: students who are fully enrolled in an overseas institution, third party providers who put students into places where they want to study and “global gateways,” such as the London program, where Notre Dame staff are actually “on the ground” to work with students. The first two categories have their own “mechanisms for reporting, preventing and dealing with sexual assaults that happen on their campuses,” Guinan said.“The one obvious complicating factor here is that St. [Joseph] County and [Notre Dame Security Police] typically would be involved in the criminal investigations,” he said. “We have relationships with offices in each location so the students know legal remedies they might pursue in those countries and the laws related in each country to sexual assaults are different.”Guinan said if a student is assaulted abroad, especially if the complainant and respondent are both Notre Dame students, resources are available on campus for them to use. Once a student reports an assault to the University, the priority is to help the student receive any necessary medical attention, he said.“In any of those circumstances, if a student is a complainant, and the respondee is a Notre Dame student, to the extent we are notified about this, either on campus or through our through third party providers and the folks overseas, the first step we take is to be sure the student is aware of medical resources overseas,” he said.“We then contact the student in varying ways, based on where they actually are and offer them pretty much the same types of services we would offer if they were on campus,” Guinan said. “If it’s a known Notre Dame situation, we would actually refer them back to the Title IX coordinator on campus, because even though the host institution has their own protocols and wants to take action, it is something that would come back to Notre Dame and the resources available through the Title IX Coordinator would be made available to that student.”Even with these resources available, Guinan urges students to be more vigilant abroad than they might be while on campus.“We remind the students, both before they leave and when they arrive on site, that they are still Notre Dame students and so that the expectations and standards of conduct are still with them as they go abroad.”Tags: Global Gateway, NDSP, sexual assault, study abroad, Title IX
By Dialogo November 17, 2011 The United States reserves the right to retaliate with military force against a cyber attack and is working to sharpen its ability to track down the source of any breach, the Pentagon said in a report made public on Tuesday, November 15. The 12-page report to Congress, mandated by the 2011 Defense Authorization Act, was one of the clearest statements to date of U.S. cybersecurity policy and the role of the military in the event of a computer-borne attack. “When warranted, we will respond to hostile attacks in cyberspace as we would to any other threat to our country,” the report said. “We reserve the right to use all necessary means – diplomatic, informational, military and economic – to defend our nation, our allies, our partners and our interests.” Hostile acts, it said, could include “significant cyber attacks directed against the U.S. economy, government or military” and the response could use electronic means or more conventional military options. Cyberspace is a particularly challenging domain for the Pentagon. Defense Department employees operate more than 15,000 computer networks with 7 million computers at hundreds of locations around the world. Their networks are probed millions of times a day and penetrations have caused the loss of thousands of files. The report said the Defense Department was attempting to deter aggression in cyberspace by developing effective defenses that prevent adversaries from achieving their objectives and by finding ways to make attackers pay a price for their actions. “Should the ‘deny objectives’ element of deterrence not prove adequate,” the report said, “DoD (Department of Defense) maintains, and is further developing, the ability to respond militarily in cyberspace and in other domains.” Key to a military response is being able to quickly identify the source of an attack, particularly challenging due to the anonymous nature of the Internet, the report said. In an effort to crack that problem, the Pentagon is supporting research focusing on tracing the physical source of an attack and using behavior-based algorithms to assess the likely identity of an attacker, the report said. U.S. security agencies also are grooming a cadre of highly skilled cyber forensics experts and are working with international partners to share information in a timely manner about cyber threats, including malicious code and the people behind it, it said. Before moving to offensive action, the United States would exhaust all other options, weigh the risk of action against the cost of inaction and “act in a way that reflects our values and strengthens our legitimacy, seeking broad international support wherever possible,” the report said.
The proposed Anti-Terrorism Law, which is now pending at the Senate, aims to amend the Human Security Act to provide teeth to fighting terrorism. The bill proposes to criminalize the following acts: 1. For any person to travel or attempt to travel to a state other than his/her state of residence or nationality, for the purpose of perpetrating, planning, or preparing for, or participating in terrorist acts, or providing or receiving terrorist training; 2. For any person to organize or facilitate the travel of individuals who travel to a state other than their states of residence or nationality for the purpose of perpetrating, planning, training, or preparing for, or participating in terrorist acts, or providing or receiving terrorist training, including acts of recruitment; and 3. For any person residing abroad who comes to the Philippines to participate in perpetrating, planning, training, or preparing for, or participating in terrorist acts or provide support for or facilitate terrorist training here or abroad. The latest martial law extension in Mindanao is set to expire on Dec. 31, 2019; unless President Duterte will asks for another extension and Congress approves it./PN “The DND (Department of National Defense) and Interior secretary [Eduardo Año] said they will recommend the lifting of martial law in the entire Mindanao if [the bill] is signed by PRRD (President Rodrigo Duterte),” Sotto said. “Majority will support.” Senate President Vicente Sotto III said that he has discussed the plan for passing the measure by the first week of November with Senate Minority Leader Franklin Drilon and Senator Panfilo Lacson and majority of the senators have agreed as well. President Duterte placed the entire island of Mindanao under martial law in May 2017 over Marawi siege. He has since asked Congress to extend it three times. Manila – Senators are planning to prevent another extension of the martial law declaration in the entire island of Mindanao by passing the proposed Anti-Terrorism Act.
On Thursday, Lacson claimed that severalCabinet officials have apprehensions and reservations about Duterte’s move toscrap the 1998 military deal and were worried about the possible repercussionsof the abrogation. “Basically, that’s the message. I mean,consistent naman si Pangulo diyan eh. We will pursue an independent foreignpolicy where we are friends to everyone and enemies to none. And I think whenthe President gave that statement, I think all he’s saying is that hindi tayopwede mag side sa kahit sino,” he added. “All members of the Cabinet support thePresident’s foreign policy,” Panelo said. The VFA, which was signed in February1998, allows the entry of US troops sans passport and visa regulations so theycan participate in joint military drills in the Philippines./PN Cabinet Secretary Karlo Nograles,for his part, said that Lacson’s statement was mere “speculation.” Presidential Spokesperson Salvador Paneloissued this statement to dispute the claim of Senator Panfilo Lacson thatDuterte’s revocation of VFA was not fully backed by all Cabinet members. Presidential Spokesperson Salvador Panelo says all members of the Cabinet support President Rodrigo Duterte’s foreign policy, contrary to the claim of Sen. Panfilo Lacson. ABS-CBN NEWS “Let me assure, everybody, that when thePresident makes a decision, all, the entire Cabinet will support him there. Andthat includes VFA,” Nograles said. MANILA – Theentire Cabinet supports President Rodrigo Duterte’s move interminating the Visiting Forces Agreement (VFA) between the Philippines andUnited States, Malacañang said.
The Eagles are the biggest favorite, minus-8 at home vs. the Redskins. The next-biggest favorites are the Cowboys and Saints, who are 7.5-point choices at home vs. the Giants and Texans, respectively.Three road teams are favored: Ravens (-3.5 at Dolphins), Chiefs (-5 at Jaguars) and Rams (-3 at Panthers).Bettors were already able to wager on NFL teams prior to the schedule’s release. Season win totals were posted at sportsbooks in late March.NFL betting odds for Week 1Matchup (Spread)Over/underPackers at Bears (-3.5)45.5Falcons at Vikings (-5)47.5Redskins at Eagles (-8)46Bills at Jets (-3)39Ravens (-3.5) at Dolphins36.549ers at Buccaneers (-2)48.5Chiefs (-5) at Jaguars52.5Titans at Browns (-4.5)44.5Rams (-3) at Panthers50.5Bengals at Seahawks (-7)44Colts at Chargers (-3)48.5Lions at Cardinals (pick)48.5Giants at Cowboys (-7.5)46Steelers at Patriots (-6.5)52Texans at Saints (-7.5)54Broncos at Raiders (-3)42.5 2019 NFL SCHEDULES:Steelers | Cowboys | Packers | 49ers | Seahawks | Browns | PatriotsSome of the key takeaways from the website’s early betting lines: The NFL released its 2019 regular-season schedule on Wednesday. Less than an hour later, updated point spreads for Week 1 games were available online.Betonline.ag posted lines for all 16 opening-week games, which are highlighted by the “Thursday Night Football” opener (Packers at Bears), the “Sunday Night Football” opener (Steelers at Patriots) and the “Monday Night Football” opening doubleheader (Texans at Saints, Broncos at Raiders).