The Vermont Department of Education mailed FY2012 individualized education spending reduction targets Monday to each supervisory union, supervisory district, and the three technical center districts across the state, as required by Act 146 of the 2010 Legislative session. Overall the recommendations are for a 2.34 percent reduction across the state in education spending in order to meet the goal of saving $23.2 million dollars. District-level recommendations range from a 0.5 percent reduction to a 2.68 percent reduction.The determinations were made at the district levels, but aggregated to the supervisory union level as the law requires. The determinations considered factors outlined in the law, such as per pupil spending, student-to-staff ratios and demonstrated fiscal restraint. The department examined data from the past four budget cycles on· total education spending,· spending per equalized pupil,· student enrollment to direct instruction staff,· direct instruction staff to administrative staff,· and student enrollment to administrative staff. ‘We expect most school districts and supervisory unions to take these recommendations seriously,’ said Commissioner Vilaseca. ‘And they will do their best to meet them, just as they responsibly reduced spending last year. This is new territory, both for our department and for local school districts.’The boards of each supervisory union and district shall notify the commissioner on or before December 15, 2010 whether their combined budgets will meet the recommended reductions. By January 15, 2011, the commissioner shall report to the legislative education committees the total projected amount of FY2012 budgets, with a detailed proposal by which the Legislature can ensure the targets will be met.See Page 76, sections E1 and E2, for this specific requirement at http://www.leg.state.vt.us/DOCS/2010/ACTS/ACT146.PDF(link is external). A complete explanation of the formula begins on the following page.Challenges for Change School Budget Reduction Targets Calculations Brief overview of methodologyFor any given data element, the percent change between any two consecutive years was calculated (i.e., the percent change in netted education spending from FY2010 to FY2011). Percent changes were capped at plus or minus 50 percent to compensate for very large percentage changes resulting from small changes in very small districts. Additionally, some data were either clearly entered incorrectly or not entered at all, resulting in very large or low percentage changes.The four years of data resulted in three percentage changes. Those three changes were averaged for a district. Again, to accommodate small districts, the averages were capped at plus or minus one standard deviation from the mean. As supervisory unions are different from school districts and perform different functions, a separate mean and standard deviation was calculated and used for supervisory unions and supervisory districts. School districts and the three technical center school districts used a mean and a standard deviation based on their combined data.The resulting average (capped if necessary) was divided by the relevant group mean to normalize the data. This figure became the weight for any given factor. The exception was the factor for direct instruction FTEs per administration and support staff FTEs. That factor had a low mean for the school district and technical center (0.15%), resulting in disproportionately large weights for a modest average (e.g., with a mean of 0.15%, an average of 10% results in a weight of 67). Therefore, the DI per Admin & Support weight was decreased by a factor of 0.50 to mitigate the effect of the small mean.Weights from the various factors were aggregated. To account for the varying magnitudes of education spending (Burlington versus Eden, for example), the total weights for a district were multiplied by the ratio of the district’s netted education spending to the netted education spending as a whole.Some districts had a negative total weight, resulting in a negative factor after applying the relative netted education spending factor. Statistically, it is valid to add a constant to transform the negative values to positive. This was done by adding a constant of 1 to all weighted totals. This result was then multiplied against the ratio of the required $23,200,000 reduction versus the netted education spending total (2.348%), to give a weighted percentage for reduction.That weighted percentage was multiplied by the netted education spending for all districts, SUs, SDs, and technical center districts. The aggregated targets for the State exceeded the $23,200,000, so a reduction factor of the legislated target divided by the calculated target state total was applied to each district, bringing the targets to the $23,200,000 figure.Source: Vermont DOE. 8.4.2010http://education.vermont.gov/new/html/dept/press_releases.html(link is external) OverviewSection E2 of Act 146 of the 2010 Legislative session specifies that FY2012 education spending will be reduced by $23,200,000 from the FY2011 level, while achieving the outcomes for education listed in section E1. The commissioner of education is directed to develop reduction targets for each supervisory union and technical center school district.These targets were developed by looking at the member districts of supervisory unions, the supervisory unions themselves, and the three technical center school districts. Additionally, supervisory costs for Supervisory Districts were removed from the school costs (e.g., supervisory costs for the Montpelier Supervisory District were removed from the Montpelier School District costs).Entities excludedSchool districts excluded from these targets were districts that:did not operate a school and tuitioned all grades;belonged to a union school and tuitioned all other grades;were members of two unions offering combined grades K ‘ 12;were members of joint school agreements as individuals but data were aggregated to the joint school level and were included; andunorganized towns and gores.Data elementsData used were the most recent available for the following elements and are as reported by the districts:education spending (FY08-FY11);equalized pupils as calculated with the maximum allowable 3.5% loss (FY08-FY11);enrollments (FY07-FY10); andteacher / staff data (FY07-FY10)direct instruction ‘ all licensed teachers in the classroom;administrative and support staff ‘ central office staff personnel for both school and general administration, including paid teachers aides.Education spending for school districts was decreased by supervisory union assessments, costs for grades tuitioned, capital debt, and costs for technical center students.Factors usedThe above data elements were used in the following six factors:netted education spending (after removal of aforementioned costs);netted education spending per equalized pupil;enrollment per direct instruction staff FTEs;enrollment per administration and support staff FTEs;direct instruction FTEs per administration and support staff FTEs; andnetted education spending as a percent of total netted education spending, applied to the aggregated weights from 10 – 14.
FOLLOW US Last Updated: 20th August, 2020 11:26 IST Nola Drives In 4, Mariners Snap Dodgers Streak With 6-4 Win When he was younger and probably a little more stubborn, Seattle’s Taijuan Walker would have struggled to make a major in-game adjustment that called for abandoning the original game plan SUBSCRIBE TO US When he was younger and probably a little more stubborn, Seattle’s Taijuan Walker would have struggled to make a major in-game adjustment that called for abandoning the original game plan.With the Los Angeles Dodgers sitting on Walker’s fastball on Wednesday night and clubbing it for three early home runs, there had to be a change.“I faced the Dodgers a lot when I was at Arizona and my attack plan was mostly fastball, changeup to them,” Walker said. “But this year I have a curveball now and a pretty good slider, and the confidence I have with them let me be able to go out there and make that adjustment and really trust my pitches.”Walker overcame the early long-ball issues to throw seven strong innings, Austin Nola hit a three-run homer run and had four RBIs, and the Mariners beat Los Angeles 6-4, snapping the Dodgers’ seven-game win streak.Nola had an RBI single in the first inning and added his third home run of the season in the third as the Mariners snapped a seven-game skid. Dylan Moore added a solo home run in the sixth inning.Walker (2-2) was outstanding once he stopped giving up home runs. Max Muncy, Joc Pederson and Cody Bellinger hit solo homers and Walker seemed destined for an early exit.But after Bellinger’s home run in the third inning gave the Dodgers a 3-1 lead, Walker settled down. He found success with his curveball and retired 13 of the final 14 batters he faced. The only batter to reach came on an error.Walker allowed just four hits and struck out eight.“The last time that Taijuan was a Mariner here a few years ago, he couldn’t have made that adjustment mid-game,” Seattle manager Scott Servais said. “He’s learned. He went to some changeups, a lot of curveballs, got the cutter going, and it really slowed things down, slowed them down in the batter’s box.”Justin Turner had an RBI single in the eighth off reliever Anthony Misiewicz. Taylor Williams loaded the bases with two outs in the ninth after walking Mookie Betts, but struck out Corey Seager for his fourth save.Dodgers starter Julio Urías didn’t make it out of the second inning. Urías labored to record five outs and was pulled by manager Dave Roberts with two outs in the second. Seattle tagged reliever Dennis Santana (1-1) for four runs in the third inning, including Nola’s long ball. Seattle sent nine batters to the plate.“He’ll pitch his next turn. Just got to continue to be better,” Roberts said of Urías. “The last three starts, it’s been that first inning he hasn’t really looked sharp. I don’t know if it’s the pregame prep, whether it’s too much early, not enough early to get ready for that first inning. We’ll talk about it, but we’ve got to be ready from pitch one.”EARLY EXITRoberts, Muncy and hitting coach Robert Van Scoyoc were ejected in the sixth inning by home plate umpire Mark Ripperger. Van Scoyoc and Roberts had been barking from the dugout about balls and strikes for much of the game. Van Scoyoc was ejected first, followed by Roberts during Muncy’s at-bat. Muncy had some words for Ripperger and was tossed after striking out.“Robert didn’t agree with a couple of the calls and got run, and for me, I came out to question why would he throw out our guy and then I got tossed,” Roberts said.TRAINER’S ROOMRookie Seattle 1B Evan White was removed from the game in the third inning after fouling a pitch off his left knee. White was down for a few minutes before walking off on his own. X-rays were negative and the team said he was day-to-day.ROSTER MOVESThe Dodgers recalled LHP Victor González ahead of the series against Seattle and optioned RHP Tony Gonsolin. It’s the second stint this season for González, who appeared in one game last month.The Mariners made a flurry of moves, highlighted by designating for assignment struggling DH Daniel Vogelbach, who was hitting just .094. Vogelbach was an All-Star selection a year ago. The Mariners also optioned right-hander Art Warren and outrighted right-hander Bryan Shaw to its alternate training site.REMEMBERING GORTONThe Mariners held a moment of silence before the game for former U.S. Sen. Slade Gorton, who died on Wednesday at 92. Gorton was a huge advocate for baseball in Seattle and had a major hand in the Mariners arrival in 1977 as an expansion franchise after the Pilots left for Milwaukee following the 1969 season. He later helped facilitate the sale of the team to local ownership that kept the team in Seattle in the 1990s.“Probably no single person was as important to the history of Major League Baseball in Seattle and the Mariners as Slade,” Mariners chairman John Stanton said.UP NEXTDodgers: LHP Clayton Kershaw (2-1, 2.65) threw seven innings and allowed one run in his last start against the Angels. Kershaw is 3-0 all-time against Seattle.Mariners: LHP Yusei Kikuchi (0-1, 5.28) is scheduled to return to the rotation after being scratched from his last start due to neck spasms. Kikuchi’s last start came on Aug. 7 when he gave up four runs in 5 2/3 innings against Colorado.Image credits: AP First Published: 20th August, 2020 11:26 IST Associated Press Television News Written By COMMENT LIVE TV WATCH US LIVE
Print Friendly Version Drake Match Notes Live Stats Story Links ESPN3 – vs. Bradley ESPN+ -vs ISU The Drake University volleyball team returns home this weekend for a two-match homestand against Missouri Valley Conference rivals.The homestand begins Friday evening at 6 p.m. against Illinois State and continues Saturday at 5 p.m. when Bradley visits. The Bulldogs return to the Knapp Center aiming to end their current four-match skid, the program’s longest against MVC competition in nearly two seasons. The team recently completed a tough three-match road trip that saw the Bulldogs drop a trio of four-set matches.Drake is 3-2 at home this season including an MVC win over Indiana State that saw Gillian Gergen record a career-high 11 blocks as Drake had 14 team blocks. Gergen leads the MVC in blocks this season with 1.16 per set. In just 18 matches this season, she has already surpassed her block total from last year. As a result, Drake is fifth in the league in blocks with Gergen accounting for more than half of those blocks.Bradley begins the week in third place in the league standings at 3-1 while Illinois State is 2-2 following a strong non-conference schedule. The Bulldogs are 1-4 and aiming the move into the middle of the league standings.Drake has won eight of the last nine meetings with the Braves and last season Drake and Bradley split the season series before Drake took a 3-2 win over the Braves in the MVC Tournament.The Bulldogs are 3-12 at the Knapp Center against the Redbirds and has won two of the last three matches in Des Moines.Following this weekend’s matches, the team travels to UNI next Friday for a 6 p.m. match. Buy Tickets