Beijing Olympics bronze medal winning wrestler Sushil Kumar will lead the Indian contingent at the opening ceremony of the London Games on July 27.The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) named Sushil as the flag-bearer for the contingent on Sunday, even as a number of names were doing the rounds.Amongst the others who were in contention were India’s only individual Olympic gold medallist Abhinav Bindra, Beijing Games bronze medallist Vijender Kumar and Leander Paes, who won a tennis singles bronze at the Atlanta Games.”It’s a matter of great pride for me that such an honour has been bestowed upon me. I feel privileged to lead the Indian contingent at the Olympics which is considered as the biggest sporting event in the world,”Sushil told Mail Today on Sunday, minutes after arriving from the US where he was training with the wrestling team.Sushil, who rose to prominence after winning the bronze medal at the Beijing Olympics, said that being the flag-bearer will only motivate him to do better in London.”I am aware that the whole country would be expecting a medal from me and I have been training very hard so that I don’t disappoint fans.”There are a lot of other athletes in the Indian contingent and having been chosen as the flag-bearer will only motivate me to perform better at the London Games,”said the 66kg category wrestler.Sushil has a long list of achievements to his credit. Along with the bronze in Beijing, the gold medal at the 2010 World Championships in Moscow is the highlight of his career so far.advertisementThe 29-year-old Sushil also won a gold at the 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games and is a four-time Commonwealth champion.At the Olympics, the wrestling events begin on August 5.The five-member Indian wrestling team is scheduled to leave for Belarus on Thursday night where they will train for two weeks before they fly out to London in the first week of August.However, Sushil will make a two-day visit to London for the opening ceremony. He will fly out from Belarus on July 26 and join his wrestling team after a couple of days.”It’s a matter of just two days and with the kind of training that we have had, I don’t expect it to affect my preparation. Being the flag- bearer will only motivate me,”he added.Acting IOA president Vijay Kumar Malhotra said that Bindra’s father had officially informed them that he will not be able to lead the Indian contingent, while Paes has already had the honour at the Sydney Olympics.”Abhinav has his event the day after the opening ceremony and the same is the case with Vijender who also has his bout on July 28,”said Malhotra.rahul.rawat@ mailtoday.in
NEW YORK — Vince Velasquez’s first pitch in his Philadelphia Phillies debut was a fastball. So was his second and his third.The 23-year-old right-hander opened with 16 consecutive fastballs against the New York Mets, all from 92-95 mph. He struck out a career-high nine over six innings and Ryan Howard’s opposite-field home run in the fifth inning off Bartolo Colon provided enough offense. The Phillies won 1-0 on a chilly April 9 for their first victory this season.Velasquez (1-0) said his goal was “to go out there and make a statement, to show that we got this win, to show that we’re capable of winning and we’re not losers.”“If we were 0-5, we’re just going to hold our heads down low,” he said.Acquired in the seven-player offseason deal that sent closer Ken Giles to Houston, Velasquez struggled through a 26-pitch first inning that ended with Neil Walker’s flyout with two on. New York didn’t put two runners on in an inning after that as Velasquez combined with four relievers on a three-hitter.Velasquez didn’t have anything up his sleeve on the 41-degree night but rather something toasty in his pants: 2-by-3-inch heat packets.“I had them in my back pockets when I was out there,” he said, “so I’d touch my butt a little bit and proceed to pitch.”Velasquez made seven starts and 12 relief appearances as a rookie last year. Helping the rebuilding Phillies avoid what would have been their first 0-5 start since 1934, he gave up three hits and three walks.“He exudes energy,” Phillies Manager Pete Mackanin said.Velasquez had the most strikeouts in a Philadelphia debut since Roy Halladay in 2010.“He locked in,” Howard said. “He pitches pitch a chip on his shoulder or pitches kind of with an attitude, if you will.”Hector Neris, Daniel Stumpf, David Hernandez and Jeanmar Gomez combined for hitless relief, sealing just the second win for the Phillies in their last 12 games at Citi Field.Gomez got three outs with six pitches for his second career save, his first since July 2014 with Pittsburgh. He retired Wilmer Flores on a game-ending lineout to shortstop Freddy Galvis.“A laugher,” Mackanin joked. “I knew we were going to win as soon as Freddy caught that ball — that last ball.”Pitching in short sleeves and without an undershirt, the 42-year-old Colon (0-1) allowed five hits in six innings, walked none and struck out seven — including six looking. His fastball reached up to 92 mph.Howard’s home run, on an 88 mph pitch, went to the opposite field and cleared the original 16-foot green wall in left.“The pitch just stayed towards the middle,” Colon said.Philadelphia Odubel Herrera missed a hit-and-run sign in the sixth, leading to Cesar Hernandez getting caught stealing at second.Hernandez failed to run home from third in the ninth, when Maikel Franco hit a slow roller and third Wilmer Flores bounced the throw to first. A day earlier, Hernandez ran into an inning-ending double play when Herrera’s popup dropped after the infield-fly rule was invoked.“We’ve seen it before with him,” Mackanin said. “We just have to keep on him and point them out to him, and hopefully he’ll learn from them. He’s a good player, but he’s got to polish it up a little bit.”(RONALD BLUM, AP Baseball Writer)TweetPinShare0 Shares
Chelsea boss Lampard: My relationship with Giroud is really goodby Paul Vegas19 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Frank Lampard says he speaks regularly with Olivier Giroud.The veteran has been on the outer this season.Lampard said, “My relationship with Olivier is really good. He’s a great professional, trains at a level every day, great in the dressing room and passes on his experience, but everyone keeps asking me about the players that aren’t playing. It’s a difficult one.”Some players can’t play, whether they’re 32 or at the other end of the spectrum at 21. They have to keep working and be positive within the group. I want the club to win and when I choose to select people or not, it’s because I think it’s the best thing.”Everyone wants to play, I understand that – I was one of the worst, I hated not playing – but all I want to see is positivity. I’m seeing that, and that’s something maybe the outside world doesn’t see. We need a big squad to be a successful team.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
It’s a relatively secretive piece of technology. So secretive, that authorities don’t even like to admit they use it. But the police are now using it to gather data from cellphones in Canadian cities. What can they do with that data? Depends on who you ask. Should you be worried? They say no, and privacy experts disagree—so in other words, it’s another story about what we should expect when we walk around in public.What are they collecting? How does it help solve crimes? What rights does the public have to their smartphones data signature? What’s the logical extension of increased use of this technology? And, for the crimes it’s supposed to solve, does it work?GUEST: Kate Allen, Science and Technology reporter, Toronto StarAudio Playerhttp://media.blubrry.com/thebigstory/s/radio.pmd.rogersdigitalmedia.com/podcasts/thebigstory/tbs_03292019.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.You can subscribe to The Big Story podcast on iTunes or Google Play.You can also find it at thebigstorypodcast.ca.
New Delhi: A day after Jet Airways suspended all its flights after running out of money, lenders to the carrier Thursday said they were “reasonably hopeful” that bidding process for the airline will end successfully. Lenders led by the State Bank of India had declined to extend more funds to Jet, forcing it to suspend all its flights. “The lenders after due deliberations decided that the best way forward for the survival of Jet Airways is to get the binding bids from potential investors who have expressed EOI (Expression of Interest) and have been issued bid documents on April 16,” a statement by lenders said. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss bank a/c details A consortium of 26 lenders led by the SBI, with 51 per cent stake in the debt-trapped airline, has invited bids from potential suitors. “Lenders are reasonably hopeful that the bid process is likely to be successful in determining the fair value of the enterprise in a transparent manner,” it said. Banks on Wednesday rejected an immediate Rs 400 crore demand of Jet Airways, compelling it to ground operations. Jet had been, over the last few months, on a decline as competition from budget airlines hurt its profitability and led to a debt pile. It reported losses for four straight quarters despite sales holding up. Also Read – Tourists to be allowed in J&K from Thursday At its peak, Jet operated 123 planes and over 600 daily flights. It was flying just seven planes on Tuesday. Its chief executive officer Vinay Dube on Wednesday wrote an email to airlines’ passengers saying “with deep sadness and with a heavy heart that we would like to share with you that, effective immediately, Jet Airways will be suspending all its domestic and international operations”. “Tuesday night, we were informed by SBI, on behalf of the consortium of Indian lenders, that they are unable to consider our request for interim funding. Since no emergency funding from the lenders or any other source of funding was forthcoming, it would therefore not have been possible for us to pay for fuel or other critical services to keep the operations going,” he wrote. He said the airline had over the last several weeks and months tried “every means possible” to seek funding, both interim as well as long term funding, to keep our operations going. “Unfortunately, despite the very best of our efforts, we have been left with no other choice today”. “A decision like this is never easy to make, but without the interim funding, which we have been repeatedly requesting for, we are simply unable to conduct flight operations in a manner that delivers to the very reasonable expectations of our guests, employees, partners and service providers,” he wrote. “After 25 years of sharing the Joy of Flying with Indian and international guests, Jet Airways and its Board of Directors have been forced to take this extreme measure, as prolonged and sustained efforts with lenders and authorities to ensure the sustainability of the airline did not yield the desired results.” He, however, said the future provides new hope and opportunity as India is better off with a flying Jet Airways. “We will now await the bid finalization process by SBI and the consortium of Indian lenders and will continue to support the bid process initiated by the lenders,” he added. Passengers who had booked on Jet for travel on future dates will get a refund. “We sincerely and profusely apologise for the disruption to your travel plans. We would like to thank you for your continued patronage, support and loyalty over the years. We are hopeful that we will be able to bring the Joy of Flying back to you soon,” he added.
JUNEAU, Alaska — Marijuana growers and retailers in Alaska say they’re concerned about Gov. Mike Dunleavy’s plans for the industry after he appointed a marijuana critic and a law enforcement officer to the state marijuana board.The Anchorage Daily News reports the Republican governor has been quiet on his policies for the state’s legal marijuana industry, but his pick of Vivian Stiver for the regulatory board has stirred opposition.Stiver was involved in an unsuccessful 2017 effort to ban marijuana operations in Fairbanks.Democratic state Rep. Adam Wool says the appointment is an “antagonistic” move that’s setting up for a fight.Stiver says she is “absolutely not” a prohibitionist of marijuana, noting that the new industry seem to be working.She says she hasn’t heard from the governor’s office about its marijuana policy.___Information from: Anchorage Daily News, http://www.adn.comThe Associated Press
WASHINGTON — Alberta Premier Alison Redford says she senses a shift in discussions with some U.S. government officials about the proposed Keystone XL oil sands pipeline.After her fifth trip to Washington, D.C., Tuesday to lobby for the project, Redford says some people there are starting to appreciate that shipping bitumen by rail generates more greenhouse gases than shipping it by pipeline.Redford says she met with U.S. State department officials as well as members of Congress and the Senate and the talks went very well.She says she continued to promote Alberta’s environmental record, including carbon capture and storage projects and new land use policies.Some Americans say the Keystone XL pipeline would reduce U.S. reliance on crude imports from unfriendly countries and create jobs, but others argue the environmental risks are too high.TransCanada Corp. filed its Keystone XL proposal more than five years ago and expects a decision will be made soon.“I actually feel that the discussion that I have been able to have with people, some of whom I have met before who are following this closely and some who I have met for the first time, leads me to believe that people are really fully seized with these issues, have understood the discussion that we have been trying to have out of Alberta and that it is going very well,” she said Tuesday.The US$5.4-billion Keystone project would ship bitumen from Alberta’s oil sands to refineries on the U.S. Gulf Coast.Redford suggested she was encouraged by the discussions in the U.S. capital about shipping crude derived from the oil sands by pipeline versus by rail.“A lot of that product is being transported by rail at the moment, and that is something that is receiving quite a bit of attention in the United States, partly because we know that transportation by rail leads to higher greenhouse gas emissions than a pipeline would,” Redford said.Federal Finance Minister Jim Flaherty talked about oil pipelines, including Keystone XL, in front of a business crowd in Edmonton Tuesday.“I was in Texas the other week and I can tell you the support for the Keystone pipeline is huge,” he said.“I am hopeful that the sensible course will be followed.”Flaherty touted the three options for shipping oil to port through Canada as well — west through the proposed Northern Gateway pipeline, north to the port of Churchill, Man., by rail and east to New Brunswick by pipeline.“I think we should do them all, personally. This is the future of the country — it’s long term. I think we should move on all fronts.” he said. “We need to do something.”© Thomson Reuters 2013
On the markets at midafternoon (ET):In Toronto, the S&P/TSX composite index was up 48.38 points to 15,192.25.The Dow Jones industrial average was up 84.32 points to 21,975.44.The Standard & Poor’s 500 index was up 4.37 points to 2,476.47.The Nasdaq composite index was up 10.97 points to 6,359.10.The Canadian dollar was trading at 79.83 cents US, down from Monday’s average price of 80.10 cents US.
State Minister for Conflict Resolution Goga Khaindrava headed the Georgian side while the Abkhaz side was led by de facto Foreign Minister Sergey Shamba at the session, which comes ahead of the next meeting of the so-called Group of Friends countries seeking a peaceful resolution to the conflict.International experts and some Group of Friends representatives were involved in today’s talks, which were initiated by the Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Special Representative for Georgia, Heidi Tagliavini, and started with informal consultations. The UN has maintained an observer mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) since 1994 when an accord reached in Moscow ended the fighting. On 30 January the Security Council extended UNOMIG’s mandate for another six months. Stressing the urgent need for progress on refugees and internally displaced persons, a Council resolution called on both sides to show genuine commitment to make returns the focus of special attention.The Group of Friends of the Secretary-General – France, Germany, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States – are expected to meet by the end of the year.
by Michael Liedtke, The Associated Press Posted Aug 10, 2015 7:27 am MDT Last Updated Aug 10, 2015 at 10:40 am MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email Twitter signs 2-year content, ad deal with NFL as messaging service tries to widen appeal FILE – This Aug. 9, 2014 file photo shows an NFL logo on a goal post padding before a preseason NFL football game between the Detroit Lions and the Cleveland Browns at Ford Field in Detroit. In a two-year content and advertising deal announced Monday, Aug. 10, 2015, Twitter is huddling with the National Football League as it tackles the challenge of attracting a broader audience to its short messaging service. (AP Photo/Rick Osentoski, File) SAN FRANCISCO – Twitter is huddling with the National Football League as it tackles the challenge of attracting a broader audience to its short messaging service.A two-year content and advertising deal announced Monday expands upon similar partnerships that Twitter forged with the NFL in 2013 and 2014.The NFL plans to funnel nearly three times more content into Twitter than last year, a commitment that will include more video highlights and pictures from games in progress. Twitter, in turn, will use an automated formula to prominently display NFL tweets and related ads in the streams of accountholders likely to enjoy the information.The NFL’s Twitter blitz will begin with Thursday’s preseason games. Financial terms of the deal weren’t disclosed. Twitter and other Internet companies typically pay their partners by giving them a percentage of ad sales made from their content.After signing single-season contracts in 2013 and 2014, the NFL gave Twitter a vote of confidence by locking into a longer term this time around. It’s the first time any of Twitter’s roughly 200 partners have signed a multi-year contract, according to Glenn Brown, Twitter’s director of content partnerships.The NFL, by far the most-watched sports league in the U.S., also is relying solely on Twitter to sell all the advertising tied to the tweets from its accounts. In the previous two seasons, the ads were jointly sold by the NFL and Twitter.The show of faith comes at a critical time for Twitter.Although its brand is widely known and its service boasts more than 300 million users, Twitter has been struggling to widen its appeal. With user growth slowing dramatically, even Twitter’s own management recently acknowledged that the service has become too confusing to navigate. What’s more, the San Francisco company still hasn’t posted a profit.Investors have sacked Twitter for its execution problems. The company’s stock finished last week at $27.04, less than half its value 10 months ago and just $1.04 above its initial public offering price in November 2013.The NFL’s immense popularity could help Twitter find ways to get people to check into its service more frequently and lure visitors who might not necessarily sign into the service, but could still see ads.Twitter plans to highlight NFL material even if users haven’t chosen to follow the league. The company does this by tracking people’s activity on the service to determine their interests. Ads featuring NFL content will be targeted using similar analytical tools.“We know if we put content in front of the hundreds of millions of Twitter users, they will engage with the content,” predicted Vishal Shah, the NFL’s vice-president of media strategy and business development.
BILLINGS, Mont. – The Interior Department plans to cancel a long-suspended oil and gas drilling lease near Glacier National Park that’s on land considered sacred to the Blackfoot tribes of the U.S. and Canada, according to court documents filed Monday.Tribal leaders said such a move would make up for a wrong done to them in 1982, when the government issued the lease without consulting the tribes.But the legal manoeuvring in the case might not be over: The law firm representing the lease owner, Solenex LLC of Baton Rouge, Louisiana, indicated it would challenge any attempt to cancel the lease.Government attorneys said the lease was improperly sold more than three decades ago, in part because an environmental study did not consider the impact of drilling on the tribes.The U.S. Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management “failed to fully consider the effects of oil and gas development on cultural resources, including religious values and activities,” the attorneys wrote.The 6,200-acre lease is in northwestern Montana’s Badger Two-Medicine area, which is the site of the creation story for the Blackfoot tribes of southern Canada and the Blackfeet Nation of Montana. It is just west of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation.The lease could be cancelled as early as Dec. 11.Solenex LLC sued the government in 2013 to force a decision after the dispute dragged on for decades. The case is before U.S. District Judge Richard Leon, who has expressed repeated frustration at how long it’s taken for the government to resolve the issue.William Perry Pendley with the Mountain States Legal Foundation, which is representing Solenex, said it was “insane” for the government to suggest that 33 years after the leases were issued — and after four studies of the Solenex proposal — that the government’s actions violated the law.“The government does not have the legal authority to cancel the lease,” Pendley said.Solenex would have to be compensated if a cancellation occurs, Pendley said. A similar situation involving leases cancelled in Michigan’s Nordhouse Dunes Wilderness Area resulted in an award of about $100 million to the owners of those leases, he said.Blackfeet leaders said Monday’s court filing confirmed their view that drilling could not be done without disturbing the spiritual power of the Badger Two-Medicine, located within the Lewis and Clark National Forest.“Badger Two-Medicine is too sacred to develop,” Blackfeet Nation Chairman Harry Barnes said in a statement. He thanked the Obama administration for moving to permanently protect a site that he said “is like a church — a divine sanctuary — to our people.”Dozens more oil and gas leases were originally sold in the area, but over the years, most were retired or surrendered by their owners.Monday’s court filing did not address the fate of 17 remaining leases in the area. Most of those are held by Devon Energy of Oklahoma, according to federal officials.U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack recommended cancelling all the leases in an Oct. 30 letter to Interior Secretary Sally Jewell.Jewell’s office referred questions on the remaining leases to Bureau of Land Management spokesman Al Nash, who said Monday no decision has been made. FILE – In this Sept. 6, 2013, file photo, Ingrid Forsmark kayaks on Kintla Lake in Glacier National Park, Mont. The Interior Department plans to cancel a long-suspended oil and gas drilling lease near Glacier National Park that’s on land considered sacred to the Blackfoot tribes of the U.S. and Canada, according to court documents filed Monday, Nov. 23, 2015. (AP Photo/Matt Volz, File) Interior Department to cancel energy lease on land sacred to Blackfoot tribes of US, Canada by Matthew Brown, The Associated Press Posted Nov 23, 2015 9:03 pm MDT Last Updated Nov 23, 2015 at 9:40 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email
EDMONTON – Alberta’s premier is warning municipalities that the cash-strapped province is going to have to refuse a lot of funding requests.Rachel Notley has told delegates at the Alberta Urban Municipalities Association that they need to lower their expectations.She says it’s great if municipalities want innovative, new projects, but that they’ll have to decide what other funding can be pulled to pay for them.Notley says that with a $10.9-billion deficit, the province will keep spending growth to about two per cent, with priority given to health and education.Alberta is being hammered by low oil prices, and unemployment and office vacancy rates are rising.The province’s estimated debt is expected to climb to $58 billion by 2019.(CHED) by The Canadian Press Posted Oct 6, 2016 1:49 pm MDT Last Updated Oct 6, 2016 at 3:02 pm MDT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to RedditRedditShare to 電子郵件Email Alberta premier tells municipalities there’s no funding for new projects
Brandon Moore is no longer going to play for the Dallas Cowboys.After a change of heart, just a day after Moore verbally agreed to a one-year contract with the Cowboys, he decided to retire from the game all together.At the old age – by NFL standards – of 33 Moore didn’t want to quit, but after failed attempts to get his asking price of $3 million to $4 million, he decided it was time to move on with his life.“I was wrestling with it all night,” Moore told FOXSports.com’s Mike Garafolo on Wednesday. “I was excited, but when you start looking at all the personal factors that go into it and the commitment on the football side and you’ve been in a different mental state also the past three or four months because no action’s been happening, you kind of move on with your life.”He went on to say, “I was happy with that and fine with that. But when you get a call from a coach I care deeply for in (Cowboys offensive coordinator) Bill Callahan, you start to feel it, you get excited and you’re finally like, ‘I want to do it.’ But you map out the logistics of it all — the physical and mental commitment, the tear on your family.”Moore was rated fourth best guard in the NFL last season. A dominant run blocker and pass blocker protector for the Jets in 2012, he hasn’t missed a start since 2004. Moore still has a lot of play in him, and would have been a valuable addition to the Cowboys. It’s a shame he gave it all up.
Usually when someone is getting jumped on by a group of men it is a bad thing. For freshman Logan Schuss, though, getting jumped on was a good thing.“At first it wasn’t the best; I couldn’t breathe. But after that it was good,” Schuss said.Schuss was at the center of his team’s overwhelming celebration after Ohio State’s men’s lacrosse team won in overtime Saturday 11-10, after blowing a three-goal lead. Coach Nick Myers constantly encourages team to play a full 60 minutes each time out, but on Saturday they needed a little extra.With the score tied at the end of regulation, the Buckeyes went into sudden-death overtime. One minute and 10 seconds into the overtime, Schuss was able to find the back of the net for the win.“There’s no love for each other, so it’s always nice to come out and beat these kids,” senior goalie Brandon Freeman said.The Buckeyes were able to get the win, but it didn’t come easy.OSU only trailed once in the game when the score was 1-0, but they were never able to pull away.“We knew going into the game there was going to be a run,” Myers said.On multiple occasions, the Buckeyes had two-goal leads and once had a three-goal lead, but Penn State fought back each time. The Buckeyes even had a two-goal lead with less than three minutes to go in the game, but they were unable to close out the Nittany Lions.Myers said he told his team to hang in there. He told them it would take heart and hustle to win the game.OSU was out-shot by Penn State by 24 and won nine fewer face-offs.Schuss was named conference Rookie of the Week last week and he threw his name back in the mix for next week’s award. Along with the game-winning goal, Schuss assisted on four other goals.Along with Schuss, senior Mario Ventiquattro brought his “A” game. Ventiquattro was able to find the back of the net four times.The Buckeyes got the win, but not without injuries. Midway through the fourth quarter, Matt Kawamoto suffered a shoulder injury.With the win, the Buckeyes will take a two-game win streak on the road to play Robert Morris on Tuesday.
Cockatoos have been filmed making the same tool from three different kinds of material, proving for the first time that they have a design in mind and are anticipating how it can be used.Tool manufacture was once thought to be unique to humans, but in recent years many animals such as chimps, crows, finches and vultures have been seen to make their own tools.The Goffin’s cockatoo, which his native to Indonesia, is not known to use tools in the wild, but have learned in captivity. One bird, called Figaro, who lives at the Messerli Research Institute at the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, previously displayed the ability to spontaneously make tools by biting long splinters out of the wooden beams of its cage, which he then used to rake pieces of food that were otherwise out of reach.Three others have since followed, showing that making such tools is within the capacity of the species. The cockatoo perforated the cardboard with bites then tore off the strip to be used as a tool to knock the nut off the perch However scientists could not tell if the birds intended to make the shape, because the wood would naturally splinter into a long shape anyway. To test if the birds were aiming to make elongated tools that could bridge a particular distance, the researchers in Vienna and Oxford University gave them the problem of reaching a piece of food placed a few centimetres beyond a circular hole in the transparent wall of a box.They were given four different materials that required different manipulations to produce suitable tools: larch wood, leafy beech twigs , cardboard and beeswax.”While none of the birds succeeded in making tools out of beeswax, we found that at least some of them could make suitable tools from the three remaining materials,” said Dr Alice Auersperg, who heads the Goffin Laboratory at the University of Veterinary Medicine. The successful parrots made well-shaped tools, even though each material required different manipulation techniques.To make tools out of larch wood, they bit the material once or twice and tore off the resulting splinter. To use the leafy twigs, they snapped off redundant leaves and side branches until what was left was usable. Finally, to make cardboard tools, they simply cut what was necessary from the edge of the sheet provided.‘To us, the tools made from cardboard were the most interesting ones, as this material was not pre-structured and required the birds to shape their tools more actively,” added Dr Auersperg.” They succeeded by placing a large number of parallel bite marks along the edge of the material like a hole punch, using their curved upper beak to cut the elongated piece out of the cardboard block after reaching a certain length.”Interestingly, this length was usually just above or very close to the minimum length required to reach the food reward placed behind the barrier.” Co-author Professor Alex Kacelnik, from the University of Oxford’s Department of Zoology, said: ‘Ultimately, we want to understand how animals think – namely, to produce the equivalent of explicit computer programs capable of doing what the birds do.”We really don’t know if the birds can picture in their minds an object that doesn’t yet exist and follow this image as a template to build something new, or how their brains elicit the appropriate set of movements to organise their response to novel problems, but this is what we are trying to find out.”The research was published in the journal Biology Letters. Cockatoos clearly have a design in mind when they begin fashioning tools Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. A nut was placed out of reach and the birds had to solve the problem of how to reach it