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Brazil’s Armed Forces Plan to Launch Geostationary Satellite in 2014

first_imgBy Dialogo July 22, 2011 Brazil plans to launch a geostationary satellite — GOES — that would connect all the country’s defense and security organizations and allow for more secure communications among them. In late June, Defense Minister Nelson Jobim announced that the satellite would be launched in 2014. The satellite will provide direct links between Brasília, the border platoons and submarines in the Atlantic Ocean, he said. It will also speed up the transmission of images from remote areas. Jobim, in a recent public hearing before the Brazilian Defense and Foreign Relations Commission, said the geostationary satellite is of vital importance for national security and will make Brazil self-sufficient in such matters. The hearing was especially important because of the presence of 10 senators who are also members of the Amazon and Border Sub-Commission — two areas that would benefit significantly from the new satellite, if all goes as planned. Borrowed images Currently, the Brazilian government leases satellite channels from a Mexican mobile phone group that sends the images per request and without exclusivity. This service costs around $28.3 million per year. “Today, when we want an image, the Mexicans send it to us in 36 hours,” Jobim said. Building, launching and maintaining Brazil’s new satellite will cost $443 million, but it also will link 1,800 isolated communities to the Internet for the first time. The Defense Ministry envisions GOES sending audio and images from remote locations to federal authorities, while permitting real-time communication with and among all branches of the Armed Forces and all units in mission — including those on foreign soil. “While Brazil has other satellites, none of them is under the control and for the exclusive use of the government,” said Defense Ministry spokesperson Roberta Belyse. “This satellite will have military transponders in Band X and transponders for government use in Band Ka.” What’s a GOES A geostationary satellite or GOES is anything but stationary. It actually circles Earth in the same direction and speed of the planet’s rotation; this way the satellite’s location is always above a specific spot on the globe. Since all geostationary satellites are positioned directly over the Equator, only a limited number of such satellites can be placed in orbit. They’re located in the geosynchronous plane about 22,300 miles above Earth, which offers an unobstructed view of the planet. GOES’ continuous monitoring is essential for intensive data analysis. Being fixed above a single point allows the satellites to chart atmospheric changes that precipitate tornadoes, floods, hurricanes and other severe weather conditions. Brazil’s space program began 50 years ago, making it the fourth country to enter the space race after the United States, the former Soviet Union and France. Even today, Brazil is one of the few countries with a comprehensive space program that includes the development of rockets, satellites and launching centers. Brazilians are, indeed, very proud of their space history. However, a recent study, Caderno de Altos Estudos, by the Senate’s Science, Technology, Communications and Informatics Commission, urged the government to invest more to keep pace with current needs, as well as with international partners. Between 2012 and 2016, Brazil plans to launch three satellites, the Cbers 3 and 4, for earth observation, and the Amazon 1. Total cost for all three launches: $200 million. Good neighbors share resources Jobim emphasized on how GOES will help Brazil collaborate with neighboring countries, particularly with respect to border security. “Some of the satellite’s capabilities would be shared with other nations,” said Jobim, who announced the plans for GOES in the context of a broader presentation to the commission of the government’s Strategic Border Plan. He also recounted his recent visit to Colombia, which resulted in the first steps towards a binational plan for border security between the two countries, with a focus on protection of the Amazon. The Brazilian military devotes significant efforts to protection of its rainforest, and satellite images are an invaluable resource. In early July, Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) released satellite images showing that 268 square kilometers of Amazon rainforest had been cut down in May 2011 — twice the amount of clearing as in May 2010. This follows reports that deforestation had increased to 593 square kilometers in March and April 2011 from 103 square kilometers in the same period a year earlier. “The GOES satellite would allow the sharing of security plans and real-time information of air, land and sea borders,” explained Belyse. In addition, she said, it will connect remote populated areas with emergency services and let them receive important government communications. In addition, these geostationary satellites serve other functions such as meteorological monitoring, feeding of GPS systems and provision of TV and mobile phone signals. Excellent information, today telematics will provide us with more security for our development on different socio-cultural level through geostationary satellites. I am sure that the Peruvian Government should take advantage of such benefits for the population. Hello, It’s a pleasure speaking with you, but I have a question. Why is Brazil so far behind in terms of security and technology?last_img read more

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Tech Time: Preventing potential hacks

first_img 4SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr It takes more than just your IT staff to make it happen.by: Jim DeitchThe Sony, Home Depot, Target and other recent cyberhacks have credit union executives asking, “What can we do to prevent similar hacks to our systems?”And it’s a good question.Notably, most hackers don’t enter the security perimeter through traditional IT security systems. The “headline hacks” almost always begin with an employee or vendor inadvertently providing access. Lesser known financial services hacks have resulted in significant losses:A financial institution employee at work clicked on a link from an email that was supposedly from the president of that institution. The link inserted malware, which a hacker used to obtain complete network compromise, customer data, and a gateway into other systems in a federally insured financial institution.An employee clicked on a “spoofed” Wi-Fi connection that was thought to be secure. Logon information was stolen, and systems were compromised through insertion of malware into the initial compromised laptop. continue reading »last_img read more

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ESM cross country hosts invitational; F-M wins girls, boys divisions

first_imgAni Sydorowych, in 20:21.1, beat out Amelia Amack (20:21.4) for eighth place as Lejla Borcillo was 11th in 20:36.2.ESM was 10th thanks to Rachael Ladd’s 15th-place finish in 20:45.1, plus top-50 efforts from Mary Roach (21:52.9) and Taylor Hoffman, who posted 23:22.5.Taking eighth place on the team side, Jamesville-DeWitt had Madeline Foss finish 26th in 21:40.8, while Megan O’Malley went 22:05.9 for 36th place in the team race. Kathryn Sizing, in 23:13 flat, was 45th, just ahead of Cora Gilbert-Siecherma (23:37.5) and Miriam Zoghby, who finished in 23:46 flat. Bishop Grimes’ Edy Livingston took 44th place in the team race in 23:12.5. The feature of the boys race was having ESM star Nick Berg beat everyone except a trio of F-M runners, Berg finishing fourth in 16:36.6.Otherwise, F-M had a top-five sweep, Peyton Geehrer and Sam Otis both hitting the line in 15:57.7, with Geehrer declared the winner. Geoff Howles was third in 16:14.3, with James Peden fifth (17:02.) and Jack Altimonda sixth in 17:11.3.Berg, along with a 33rd-place showing from  Casey Engineri (18:45.1), helped  ESM to a 10th-place finish in a 28-team field. J-D was 12th, led by 19:33.7 from Gabriel Cuello. Manlius-Pebble Hill’s Will Markwood finished 52nd in 19:25.2.Before this, ESM and J-D both had their SCAC Empire division opening meets, with the Red Rams more successful as it swept three-team  meets against Oswego and Auburn.J-D’s girls edged Oswego 26-31 and topped Auburn 18-43. The Buccaneers claimed the top two spots before Foss finished third in 22:35, with O’Malley fourth in 23:48 and Sizing fifth in 23:51. Zoghby (23:55) and  Gilbert-Siechema (24:49) also had top-10 finishes.On the boys side, J-D won 20-41 over Oswego and 25-35 over Auburn, with the Red Rams’ Ahviere Reese second in 18:45 behind the Maroons’ Jimmy Vasile, who won in 18:14. Luke Hobika was fourth in 19:05, with Collin Rivercomb sixth in 19:20 as Brian Hulbert was eighth (19:26) and Ashton Corona ninth (19:35).ESM’s girls swept Syracuse West 15-45 as l Ladd won the race in 22:10, more than a minute ahead of the 23:11 posted by Roach. Elena Vespi was third in 25 minutes flat as Hoffman got fourth place in 25:23 and Allyanna O’Brien (27:15) completed a top-five Spartans sweep.But the ESM boys lost 24-31 to Syracuse West despite Berg’s 17:27, which beat Syracuse West’s Connor Shanahan (19:16) by nearly two full minutes.Engineri was fourth in 19:34, but that was the Spartans’ only other top-five finish. Spencer Carnival got seventh place in 21 minutes flat as Brandon Walters (21:07) beat out John Courcy (21:11) for ninth place.Fresh off its Sept. 7 Vernon-Verona-Invitational sweep, F-M  earned twin 15-50 wins over Henninger last Wednesday as some of the lesser-known Hornets’ runners got a chance to race for individual glory.On the girls side, Sydorowych won in 19:00.7, edging Borcillo (19:01.6) at the finish line. Fiona Mejico finished third in 19:11.2, while Debbie Lucchetti, in 20:11.9, easily took fourth place. Alexa Bolton (20:54.2) held off  Julia Sun (21:11.7) for fifth place as Katie Berge’ was seventh in 21:23.7 and Julia Gorman (21:26.0) was ninth.Moving to the boys race, F-M’s Daniel Patrick beat the field in 16:48.9, with Owen Snyder second in 16:57.2.Trevor Krukin was third in 17:07.2, just ahead of Ben Perry (17:12.2), with Keaton Vest fifth in 17:18.4. William Seamans (17:19.4), Joe Fraguso (17:42.1) and James Grace (18:27.9) completed a top-eight sweep.Share this:FacebookTwitterLinkedInRedditComment on this Story As they do each September, East Syracuse Minoa hosted its cross country invitational meet Saturday on its home course at Pine Grove Elementary School.And the Spartans could take out of this event the fact that it drew Fayetteville-Manlius into both the boys and girls field, knowing they would likely dominate – which they did.Claire Walters, winning the girls race in 18 minutes, 7.1 seconds, led a 1-2-3 sweep ahead of Hannah Kaercher (18:13.2) and Phoebe White (18:29.3), with Grace Kaercher fifth in 18:57.5.center_img Tags: cross countryESMF-MJ-Dlast_img read more

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#Editorial: Loving and Respecting Others is the Christmas Message

first_imgMIAMI, Florida – Christmas is perhaps the most celebratory event in the Christian calendar. Christmas Day is bundled with several holidays celebrated between the end of November and the end of December, which include Thanksgiving, Hanukkah, Kwanzaa, and New Year’s Eve. Since these holidays include other religious commemorations, to be inclusive, this period from Thanksgiving to the New Year is simply called the holidays, but to Christians, it’s the Christmas season.It seems Christians, representing a large percentage of the South Florida population, are more adamant this year to emphasize that the season commemorates Jesus’ Birth. On several occasions, people offering “Happy Holidays” greetings have been rebuffed by the pronounced response, “Merry Christmas,” and this year more retailers have hung “Merry Christmas” banners instead of those depicting “Happy Holidays” as occurred in recent years. Greeting card stores are also selling more Christmas cards, rather than “holiday” cards.An interesting comment was made by a local Pentecostal pastor that the challenge of recent times is driving more people to seek hope in Christ, hence the reemphasis on Christmas. “People need hope more than ever these days,” said the pastor. “They are hoping for jobs, saving their homes from foreclosure, to get better salaries, have stronger families, find love; and they see this hope exemplified in the Christmas message with the commemoration of the birth of Christ, the Messiah born to bring hope and salvation to a sinful world.”People of different religious beliefs may disagree with his view, but it seems that Christmas, and the season that surrounds it, generate a degree of hope and optimism among a large percentage of the population wherever Christmas is celebrated.During Christmas, many people are more generous. Individuals who complained of being strapped for cash during the year find funds to spend on friends, relatives and themselves. People who were otherwise strangers during the year become more friendly, offering pleasant greetings for joy, blessings and happiness to each other. Generally, people become more charitable, reaching out to feed the hungry, and offer gifts to the poor, especially children, who would otherwise receive no gifts.However, people also tend to lose their sense of reasoning during the season, spending relentlessly, not heeding caution that this heavy spending will leave them in debt during the new year. While such spending augurs well for the economy, it depletes the personal savings of individuals and families who cannot afford this loss. However, many people get caught up in this environment of generosity, and harbor hopes that the new year will bring the blessings they prayed for during the passing year to compensate for their excesses during the Christmas season.But Christmas is not permanent. The festivity ends abruptly, especially in America, where at midnight on December 25, Christmas disappears like Cinderella’s coach, replaced by the pumpkin of reality.After all the glitter is cleared, and the visiting relatives return home, everyone has to find the most realistic means of coping with the challenges of their respective lives. Nonetheless, Christmas serves as an important reminder, and, like the pastor said, offers hope to a burdened people.The season proves that kindness, a spirit of sacrifice and goodwill, and a real attempt to reach out to the less fortunate is realistic. While most people won’t be able to spend without limit, they can share the true spirit of Christmas, regardless of their religious beliefs. They can continue to love and respect each other as they want to be loved and respected.This should be the legacy of the Christmas season and Christmas Day.May this message resonate long after the season ends.last_img read more

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