Facebook Google YouTube A memorial for victims of the terrorist attack in Christchurch, New Zealand. A gunman stormed two mosques in the city and shot worshippers, live streaming one of the shooting sprees. Marty Melville/Getty Images Australia’s biggest telecommunications carriers have blocked “dozens” of websites that continue to host footage of the mosque shooting in New Zealand. Australia’s largest carrier Telstra issued a statement on Tuesday local time saying it had blocked a number of sites still hosting the footage, which shows a gunman storming a mosque in central Christchurch and gunning down worshippers as they prayed. Australia’s other major carriers Optus and Vodafone confirmed they had also blocked a number of sites. “We understand this may cause inconvenience for some legitimate users of these sites but these are extraordinary circumstances and they required an extraordinary response,” said Nikos Katinakis, Telstra group executive of Networks and IT. “We appreciate that it is necessary to ensure free speech is carefully balanced against protecting the community, but with these sites continuing to host disturbing content we feel it is the right thing to do to block them.”Vodafone issued a similar response, saying it blocked dozens of sites to stop the further spread of the video and that it was lifting the blocks once it became aware the footage had been removed. The move follows swift action taken by New Zealand carriers in the aftermath of the shooting to temporarily block sites hosting the footage and request it be taken down. 2 While Telstra didn’t name the blocked sites, CNET was able to confirm that message board sites 8chan, 4chan and Voat were longer accessible through the Telstra network. The alleged shooter behind the attack, an Australian national living in New Zealand, posted links to the livestream of the shooting as well as a lengthy screen justifiying his actions, on 8chan before the shooting. The extraordinary decision by Australian carriers follows powerful statements from the country’s top politicians on Tuesday, criticising social media networks such as Facebook for allowing footage of the shooting to spread. US lawmakers have also ordered companies including Facebook and Google, which owns YouTube, to appear before the House Committee on Homeland Security. The companies have been asked to explain their responses to the events on Friday and their plans to tackle the spread of extremist content on their networks. Related Stories Share your voice Tags Comments Tech Industry Internet New Zealand mass shooting shows tech companies can’t control viral tragedies Facebook, YouTube called to meet lawmakers about New Zealand shooting video Facebook has removed 1.5M videos of New Zealand mosque massacre
Share If you’re a life-long Texan, you may have heard of a mutualistas. These mutual aid societies were part of a long tradition in Mexico, and found their way into Texas in the late 1800s. The organizations worked to provide low-income families with resources they otherwise might not have access to. While most disappeared in the 30s and 40s, throughout Texas today there are still a small number of in operation, including one thriving community mutualista in Waco that’s been around for more than 90 years. As Louis Fajardo opens the doors to la mutualista sociedad de jornaleros, he walks towards a concrete wall. “Let me turn the lights on so you can see what I’m talking about,” Fajardo says. Hanging on the wall are black-and-white photos, memories of the organization’s earliest days. Fajardo is a member and president of the group. He points to one specific photo.Louis Fajardo is a member and president of la mutualista sociadade de jornaleros. Today, the group continues the work it originally began more than 90 years ago.“In 1924, these gentleman right here, on this particular day, under this tree which still exists, are the ones that decided to make the mutualista.”The Waco mutualista came together under the banner of union, fraternity and progress, with a specific interest in watching over the working-class community it came from. Its name even reflects that mission: In English, jornaleros means laborers. This idea – says University of Texas professor Emilio Zamora – is the main reason Mexicans that settled in Texas established these groups.“They had to develop new methods for survival and advancements,” Zamora says. “And one of them was the formation of organizations – mutual aid societies.”Across Texas, these groups provided services their community members were being denied, things like education and healthcare. Mutualistas also negotiated for better working conditions, and created insurance funds to take care of members. That made a huge difference in quality-of-life, according to Ernesto Fraga. He publishes El Tiempo, Waco’s local Hispanic newspaper, and his grandparents were some of the earliest members of Waco’s mutualista. Fraga says the mutualistas also preserved culture. “And they were the ones that allowed for the voice of the Mexican-American community to pass on to the next generation and the generations after that.” Heading into the 1900s, the popularity of mutualistas swelled, with more than 100 estimated to be in Texas. That boost — Zamora says – happed, because at that time an “increasing number of Mexicans are brought in to fill the low-skilled occupations and low-waged occupations in the developing industries of the American southwest: ranching, farming, the railroads and mining” The mutualista hall hosts quinceaneras, baptisms and receptions. The money made from rental fees goes towards funding community projects.But during the Great Depression, mutualistas faced financial hardships, and many closed their doors. Today, there’s about 6 still operating in Texas. Waco mutualista president Luis Fajardo says finances are still a concern for these groups. But the one in Waco has – in part – been buoyed for decades by the dance hall they own, and rent out for baptisms or quinceañeras.La mutualista’s dance hall can fit about 400 people. On one night in December, it’s packed with teenagers dancing to cumbias, little kids running around and adults trying to talk to each other over the music. Nights like this one translate to money for the mutualista. Which, Fajardo says, they’ll use to pay bills. “Then the other part, we take when we make a certain amount of money and we’ll say OK this is going into the scholarship fund, OK this is gonna go here, this is going there,” Fajardo explains. On a recent afternoon, the Waco mutualista hosted a Christmas gift giveaway. Part of the money Fajardo and the membership made this year went towards buying nearly $3,000 worth of toys – like dolls, trucks, and bikes, all given to neighborhood kids, like two-year-old AraBella Chavez.“She just won a bike and that’s what she’s been wanting” says Misty Chavez, AraBella’s mother. Chavez is a mother of 5 and knows volunteers at the mutualista. “So just having something like this is fun and its exciting for them, “Chavez says. “Especially if we ourselves cant afford to get something they want or need.” Filling that gap is why mutualistas were founded in the first place. Fajarado says, even though the times have changed – la mutualista sociedad de jornaleros mission hasn’t. And he’s dedicated to making the mutualista stronger.“I’ll do whatever it takes, along with the membership, to open up and succeed for the mutualista,” Fajardo says. “Now and in the future.In the New Year, Fajarado says the mutualista will continue with building improvements – they’ve already opened up the dance floor and updated light fixtures. But they’ll also look to encourage others to visit – people not just from their South Waco neighborhood, but the community at large. Copyright 2016 KWBU-FM. To see more, visit KWBU-FM.
© 2012 Phys.org Explore further Image: Naturwissenschaften, DOI: 10.1007/s00114-012-0956-7 The work by Vršanský el al comes on the heels of news that a rare species of cockroach, Lucihormetica luckae, specimens of which were found on the slope of a volcano before its subsequent eruption, appear to glow to mimic the click beetle which lives in the same general area. Click beetles glow, researchers believe, to warn predators of its toxic nature, thus preserving itself. The cockroach that mimics it on the other hand is not toxic, but it’s markings are so similar that it appears it evolved it’s luminescent abilities for the express purpose of fooling predators into thinking it was a click beetle and thus toxic.Vršanský and colleagues believe it’s possible that land dwelling bioluminescent species came to exist only after nocturnal life on land diversified to the point where such an ability would be useful. They also theorize that it’s possible that it took longer for bioluminescence to evolve in land creatures because of the toxic nature of the chemicals involved in growing glowing organs. Marine animals live in a colder and in some sense cleaner environment, it’s easy to wash away residue. Land species on the other hand would have had to evolve a way dispose of the toxins in a way that didn’t harm its carrier.The team also notes that because land dwelling bioluminescent species are so rare, it’s likely they might be at risk of disappearing altogether. L. luckae might be gone already, as no specimens have been found since the volcano on which it lived, erupted. And the most evident example of them all, the firefly has been found to be dwindling in numbers over the past decade as well. More information: Light-mimicking cockroaches indicate Tertiary origin of recent terrestrial luminescence, Naturwissenschaften, DOI: 10.1007/s00114-012-0956-7AbstractBioluminescence is a common feature of the communication and defence of marine organisms, but this phenomenon is highly restricted in the terrestrial biota. Here, we present a geographical distribution of only the third order of luminescent insects—luminescent cockroaches, with all 13 known and/or herein reported new living species (based on deposited specimens). We show that, for the first time, photo-characteristics of three examined species are nearly identical with those of toxic luminescent click beetles, which they mimic. These observations are the evidence for the mimicry by light—a new type of defensive, Batesian and interordinal mimicry. Our analysis surprisingly reveals an evolutionary novelty of all living luminescent insects, while in the sea (and possibly in the soil) luminescence is present also phylogenetically in very primitive organisms. Mushroom lights up the night in Brazil: Researcher finds bioluminescent fungus not seen since 1840 Journal information: Naturwissenschaften Citation: Researchers seek to explain why there are so few land dwelling bioluminescent species (2012, August 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-08-bioluminescent-species.html (Phys.org)—Visitors to the world’s oceans are likely to find a wide variety of bioluminescent creatures, especially as they descend to depths where sunlight can’t reach. The ability to glow has evolved in underwater organisms for a variety of reasons, from attracting prey to helping find a mate. On land however, things are very different. Other than 13 known species of insects, which of course include the firefly, very few other creatures have evolved the ability to glow and now, new research suggests that virtually all of them evolved much more recently than did marine dwellers. Peter Vršanský and colleagues from the Slovak Academy of Sciences have found after studying the collective history of all known bioluminescent species that land dwellers apparently evolved from a single source some sixty five million years ago, whereas their marine counterparts first came about closer to four hundred million years ago. Their paper describing their findings has been published in the journal Naturwissenschaften. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.