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Brazil’s Armed Forces Plan to Launch Geostationary Satellite in 2014

first_imgBy Dialogo July 22, 2011 Brazil plans to launch a geostationary satellite — GOES — that would connect all the country’s defense and security organizations and allow for more secure communications among them. In late June, Defense Minister Nelson Jobim announced that the satellite would be launched in 2014. The satellite will provide direct links between Brasília, the border platoons and submarines in the Atlantic Ocean, he said. It will also speed up the transmission of images from remote areas. Jobim, in a recent public hearing before the Brazilian Defense and Foreign Relations Commission, said the geostationary satellite is of vital importance for national security and will make Brazil self-sufficient in such matters. The hearing was especially important because of the presence of 10 senators who are also members of the Amazon and Border Sub-Commission — two areas that would benefit significantly from the new satellite, if all goes as planned. Borrowed images Currently, the Brazilian government leases satellite channels from a Mexican mobile phone group that sends the images per request and without exclusivity. This service costs around $28.3 million per year. “Today, when we want an image, the Mexicans send it to us in 36 hours,” Jobim said. Building, launching and maintaining Brazil’s new satellite will cost $443 million, but it also will link 1,800 isolated communities to the Internet for the first time. The Defense Ministry envisions GOES sending audio and images from remote locations to federal authorities, while permitting real-time communication with and among all branches of the Armed Forces and all units in mission — including those on foreign soil. “While Brazil has other satellites, none of them is under the control and for the exclusive use of the government,” said Defense Ministry spokesperson Roberta Belyse. “This satellite will have military transponders in Band X and transponders for government use in Band Ka.” What’s a GOES A geostationary satellite or GOES is anything but stationary. It actually circles Earth in the same direction and speed of the planet’s rotation; this way the satellite’s location is always above a specific spot on the globe. Since all geostationary satellites are positioned directly over the Equator, only a limited number of such satellites can be placed in orbit. They’re located in the geosynchronous plane about 22,300 miles above Earth, which offers an unobstructed view of the planet. GOES’ continuous monitoring is essential for intensive data analysis. Being fixed above a single point allows the satellites to chart atmospheric changes that precipitate tornadoes, floods, hurricanes and other severe weather conditions. Brazil’s space program began 50 years ago, making it the fourth country to enter the space race after the United States, the former Soviet Union and France. Even today, Brazil is one of the few countries with a comprehensive space program that includes the development of rockets, satellites and launching centers. Brazilians are, indeed, very proud of their space history. However, a recent study, Caderno de Altos Estudos, by the Senate’s Science, Technology, Communications and Informatics Commission, urged the government to invest more to keep pace with current needs, as well as with international partners. Between 2012 and 2016, Brazil plans to launch three satellites, the Cbers 3 and 4, for earth observation, and the Amazon 1. Total cost for all three launches: $200 million. Good neighbors share resources Jobim emphasized on how GOES will help Brazil collaborate with neighboring countries, particularly with respect to border security. “Some of the satellite’s capabilities would be shared with other nations,” said Jobim, who announced the plans for GOES in the context of a broader presentation to the commission of the government’s Strategic Border Plan. He also recounted his recent visit to Colombia, which resulted in the first steps towards a binational plan for border security between the two countries, with a focus on protection of the Amazon. The Brazilian military devotes significant efforts to protection of its rainforest, and satellite images are an invaluable resource. In early July, Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE) released satellite images showing that 268 square kilometers of Amazon rainforest had been cut down in May 2011 — twice the amount of clearing as in May 2010. This follows reports that deforestation had increased to 593 square kilometers in March and April 2011 from 103 square kilometers in the same period a year earlier. “The GOES satellite would allow the sharing of security plans and real-time information of air, land and sea borders,” explained Belyse. In addition, she said, it will connect remote populated areas with emergency services and let them receive important government communications. In addition, these geostationary satellites serve other functions such as meteorological monitoring, feeding of GPS systems and provision of TV and mobile phone signals. Excellent information, today telematics will provide us with more security for our development on different socio-cultural level through geostationary satellites. I am sure that the Peruvian Government should take advantage of such benefits for the population. Hello, It’s a pleasure speaking with you, but I have a question. Why is Brazil so far behind in terms of security and technology?last_img read more

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Engineering firm Fluor wants to offload Dutch pension liabilities

first_imgConstruction and engineering firm Fluor has indicated it wants to terminate the contract for pensions provision with its €460m Dutch pension fund, as it wishes to offload the liabilities from its balance sheet.The employer – a subsidiary of US parent company Fluor – wanted to place pensions provision with an insurer, according to the pension fund’s annual report for 2016.The pension fund, which implements a defined benefit plan, has already been closed to new entrants since 2014.Its current pension plan is reinsured under a contract with Aegon, based on a separated investment depot, invested in Aegon funds and managed by Aegon Asset Management. Aegon is also pensions provider for the Fluor Pensioenfonds. The scheme’s board said that, following its closure, the pension fund was expecting decreasing returns, as it had to reduce its risk profile as a consequence of its shortened investment horizon.It added that administration costs – currently €674 per participant – would also rise.Although the board made clear that it expected that the pension fund would ultimately cease to exist in its current set-up, it said it wanted to carry out an asset-liability management study in order to get clarity about the impact of a buy-out for its participants for the short term.It made clear that new pensions accrual was likely to take place under defined contribution arrangements, and that this decision would be up to the employer and the works council.The board said it had hired consultancy Triple A to support it in its negotiations with the employer and the works council.The pension fund reported a net return of 10%, including almost 4 percentage points thanks to a 70% interest hedge.With a return of 12.1% – an outperformance of almost 2.5 percentage points – commodities was its best returning asset class.Worldwide equity generated 8.8% under a full currency hedge of dollar, pound and yen.The scheme said that fixed income had yielded 5.6%, with Dutch residential mortgages producing almost 9%. Listed property gained 4.9%.Global Tactical Asset Allocation returned almost 3.5%, falling 0.6 percentage points short of its benchmark.As at the end of July, the Fluor Pensioenfonds was 108.8% funded.last_img read more

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“Measure your expectations of us”- Felix Annan to Kotoko fans

first_imgAsante Kotoko goalie and captain, Felix Annan, has called on the team’s fans to be tempered in their expectations of the players as they try to make their way through the CAF Champions League and other assignments in the coming months.Kotoko made it first round of the Champions League after they beat Kano Pillars 2-0 in Kumasi on Sunday to progress 4-3 on aggregate.They will face Champions League big timers, Etoile du Sahel of Tunisia, in the next round and they will hope to make it to the group stage but Annan wants the fans to keep their cool and not to place huge pressure on the team to get the needed results in the competition.“As players, we are very ready to give 200 hundred percent but we want to tell the fans that they should limit their expectations of us. This is a new team and players are trying to gel.Their efforts are not bad at the moment. There will be improvements as we go along. We will give our best but they need to take things easy for us and keep supporting us and we will do our best for them.”Annan shared his thoughts on the victory the team got over Kano Pillars and said that it was good to see that they executed well on the day and they gave the fans a very good result.“We got the result that we wanted. We used the experience of playing in last season’s CAF Confed Cup and it was something special. We are happy to have made it through to the next round.It would have been a big blow if we had failed because of the expectations of the fans. If we did not win, we would feel as though we had not done our job. We are happy and we will try to get through to the next stage.”last_img read more

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Ohio Ag Weather and Forecast — April 4, 2018

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest 180404_RyanMartinRains blew past expectations yesterday. We way undershot the level of moisture that ended up coming through. Rain is still trying to exit the state to the east this morning, and even though there was a lot more than we wanted or needed…it does not change the fact that bi-polar Mother Nature has decided she wants more winter.Cold air started to blast in to the far northwest part of the state early this morning, and will continue to sink south and east through the day. With this cold air arrival, we can’t rule out a little bit of light snow in NW Ohio this morning, and as the day wears on it can become a bigger part of the forecast in north central and northeast Ohio. Most of the snowflakes stay north of US 30, but we won’t rule it out completely in a few isolated areas farther south. In north central and northeast parts of the state, we can see lake enhancement bolster the snow chances this afternoon and evening.Clouds mix with some sun tomorrow and then another fast moving wave of moisture moves in over the northern third of the state overnight Thursday night. This likely brings light snow and flurries that can leave a coating to an inch from US 30 northward from midnight Thursday night to sunrise Friday morning. The rest of the state looks dry through the daytime hours Friday.Overnight Friday night through Saturday moisture pushes up over the southern half of the state. This will trigger mostly snow from I-70 southward, and the best accumulations will be from US 50 southward. Liquid equivalent precipitation will be from .25”-.6” meaning we can easily see several inches of snow in the south. Everything is done by Saturday midday.The Saturday and Sunday look to be mostly dry. High pressure moves across the state Saturday and we have some minor south winds in for Sunday. Still, cold air rules the weekend, and we see only minor moderation in temps for Sunday. South and southeast winds do develop Sunday afternoon ahead of our next system early next week, allowing temps to get back closer to normal.Moisture is back to start next week. Overnight Sunday night low pressure moves into the state. The system brings two waves of moisture, both triggering mostly wet snow. The first wave from midnight Sunday through Monday brings a coating to an inch or two to about 70% of the state. Then a second wave moves through Tuesday, with more intense precipitation .WE can see several inches of snow over 40% of the state, but there can be some rain mixing in, mostly over the southern third of the state. Still, temps are cold enough for mostly snow. Total liquid equivalent precipitation from the two waves Monday and Tuesday can be .25”-.7” with 80% coverage. We will hone on snow potential more at the end of the week.We finally put together about 36 hours of dry weather for the entire state from Wednesday through next Thursday midday. Next Thursday afternoon, precipitation is back, but with south winds, temps moderate just enough to be looking at all rain. Temps will not be above normal, but will not be quite so cold.So, to put it in blunt terms, we see no day over the next 10 with temps above normal, and 9 of them will be below to well below normal. This colder surge has caused us to have to talk up snow much more this morning, and lessen our thoughts of rain. Soil temps will stay in the 30s through mid-month…and there can be no talk what-so-ever on field work through mid-month either. It’s not what we want to hear, but it is the truth. The precipitation forecast may get tweaked, but make no mistake…the pattern is cold and damp. The maps below show total 10 day snow accumulations (now through next Friday) at top, and total 10 day liquid equivalent precipitation at bottom.last_img read more

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What I See When I Watch the Super Bowl

first_img Essential Reading! Get my 2nd book: The Lost Art of Closing “In The Lost Art of Closing, Anthony proves that the final commitment can actually be one of the easiest parts of the sales process—if you’ve set it up properly with other commitments that have to happen long before the close. The key is to lead customers through a series of necessary steps designed to prevent a purchase stall.” Buy Now Two teams compete.Both teams know how their competitor will play. They know each other’s strengths and weaknesses. They will attempt to play their game and prevent their opponent from playing theirs. They will not try to play their competitor’s game in order to win; they don’t want to play where they are weak and their competitor is strong.Both teams will have won and lost competitions. Both won competitions they were expected to lose, and lost competitions they were expected to win. Both will have learned as much or more from their losses than their victories. Each team will have studied and reviewed every contest immediately after its conclusion.Both teams will field their very best players in this must win competition. It won’t be political. No one will play favorites. The decision as to who competes is based on that individual’s ability to make a difference.Both teams will try to control the clock. Each team has an opportunity to play in a way that uses time to their advantage. The more time a team has on the playing field, the more likely they are to win. A team that is deprived of time will struggle to win.Each of the two teams has a process. They will each run their plays in an attempt to position themselves to advance their position. These plays have been thoughtfully designed to maximize the team’s advantages. Every play is designed to score. Neither team will throw caution to the wind and wing it. They will have prepared to execute each play to perfection.When errors are made by one team, the opposing team will attempt to capitalize on the opportunity it presents them. It’s not impossible to win the competition having made more serious errors than your competitor, but it is unlikely. The more cleanly a team executes their plays, the greater the likelihood of their winning the competition.Each team will have coaches helping them to make decisions. In some cases, these coaches will call the plays. When they have the ability to make a difference, they will insert themselves into the game.Both teams will play until the whistle blows. They will leave everything on the field. They know luck has a role in the contest. An error many be made. A lucky break may come their way.At some point, the clock will run out and one of these teams will be declared the winner. The other team will have lost the contest. But that loss won’t mean that the losing team isn’t an excellent team. It will only mean that the winning team won this contest.The season will end, and the next season will begin.last_img read more

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