Chelsea boss Lampard: My relationship with Giroud is really goodby Paul Vegas19 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveChelsea boss Frank Lampard says he speaks regularly with Olivier Giroud.The veteran has been on the outer this season.Lampard said, “My relationship with Olivier is really good. He’s a great professional, trains at a level every day, great in the dressing room and passes on his experience, but everyone keeps asking me about the players that aren’t playing. It’s a difficult one.”Some players can’t play, whether they’re 32 or at the other end of the spectrum at 21. They have to keep working and be positive within the group. I want the club to win and when I choose to select people or not, it’s because I think it’s the best thing.”Everyone wants to play, I understand that – I was one of the worst, I hated not playing – but all I want to see is positivity. I’m seeing that, and that’s something maybe the outside world doesn’t see. We need a big squad to be a successful team.” TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say
NEW DELHI: As many as 132 FIRs and daily diary (DD) entries have been registered till date against various political parties and others for violation of the model code of conduct in the run up to the Lok Sabha polls, the poll body in Delhi said on Tuesday.The statistics surveillance team of Delhi’s Chief electoral office constituted to keep an eye on the expenses of political parties, has seized Rs 1.38 crore in cash and also seized 162.86 kg of narcotics and drugs. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murder”A total of 132 FIRs or DD entries have been lodged till date in connection with the violation of the model code of conduct,” Delhi CEO Ranbir Singh told reporters “Out of these, 15 are against the Aam Aadmi Party(eight FIRs and seven DD entries), 16 against the Bhartiya Janata Party (nine FIRs and four DD entries), four against the Congress (all DD entries), one against the Bahujan Samaj Party (1 DD entry), Samajwadi Party (one DD entry), and 95 against others or non-political (entities),” the CEO office said. Also Read – Two brothers held for snatchingsThe office of the Delhi CEO said more than 2.87 lakh posters, banners and hoardings have been removed since the poll code came into force. “As many as 30,533 posters, banners and hoardings were removed from areas under the New Delhi Municipal Council, 43,075 from East Delhi Municipal Corporation areas, 2,411 from Delhi Cantonment Board, 1,08,028 from South Delhi Municipal Corporation, and 95,317 from North Delhi Municipal Corporation areas,” the statement said. Police have registered 709 FIRs and arrested 707 people under the Excise Act, it said, adding, 257 FIRs have been registered under the Arms Act in which 296 people were arrested.
Chandigarh: A platform for dynastic politics for decades, Haryana is seeing many political families in fray this time too as grandchildren of four former chief ministers, two great grandsons and sons of political bigwigs are trying their luck.Political families including Chautalas, Bishnois and Hoodas are in fray every election in Haryana, a Jat-dominated state. However, the grandchildren of the four former chief ministers including Bhajan Lal, Chaudhary Devi Lal, Om Prakash Chautala and Bansi Lal, say they are not contesting the elections riding on the popularity of their families but on basis of the work done in their constituencies. Also Read – 2019 most peaceful festive season for J&K: Jitendra SinghWhile the Congress has fielded Bansi Lal’s granddaughter Shruti Chaudhary from Bhiwani-Mahendargarh constituency, Bhavya Bishnoi, grandson of Bhajan Lal and son of Kuldip Bishnoi is the party’s candidate from Hisar. Chaudhary, a former MP from the Bhiwani-Mahendargarh constituency, told PTI, Coming from a politically influential family does come with its benefits as the family has a goodwill but voters today cannot be taken for ride. They are not interested in our dynasties but the work done . Also Read – Personal life needs to be respected: Cong on reports of Rahul’s visit abroadShruti’s mother, Kiran Chaudhary, is an MLA from Bhiwan’s Tosahm constituency. Three Chautala great grandsons are in fray albeit not from the same party after the Chautala clan split last year following a bitter family feud. With Om Prakash Chautala being in jail in connection with the teacher recruitment scam, his son Ajay Chautala had broken away from the Indian National Lok Dal (INLD) and formed Jannayak Janata Party (JJP) which has formed an alliance with the Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) in the state. While the alliance has fielded Dushyant Chautala and Digvijay Chautala from Hisar and Sonepat respectively, Arjun Chautala, son of Abhay Chautala, is the INLD candidate from Kurukshetra constituency. Hisar, the industrial hub of Haryana and a politically crucial constituency, i seeing a triangular contest among grandsons. Digvijay Chautala and Bhavya Bishnoi are pitted against Brijendra Singh, the great grandson of prominent farmer leader Chotu Ram and son of Union Minister Birender Singh. I am not entering politics because I had nowhere to go. I have carved my own path in civil services, fairly succeeded at that and I am entering mainstream politics when I am confident I can bring substance to the table, Singh told PTI. And the dynasty politics theory does not apply to me as my party (BJP) is against it and hence my father has already submitted his resignation both from the Ministry and Rajya Sabha, he added. Rao Inderjit Singh, a Union Minister and son of former Haryana Chief Minister Rao Birender Singh, is in fray from Gurgaon. Singh, the sitting MP from Gurgaon, had ended his family’s decades old association with the Congress ahead of the 2014 elections and joined the BJP. Kuldeep Sharma, a former Haryana Speaker, the Congress candidate from Karnal is also in the fray to retain his family legacy. The Karnal seat was won by his late father Chiranji Lal four times in a row, thrice defeating BJP bigwig Sushma Swaraj. Also in the fray are Hooda father-son duo with Bhupender Singh Hooda, a former Haryana Chief Minister, contesting from Sonepat constituency and his son Deepender Singh Hooda contesting from Rohtak. The Hooda son, who is a sitting MP from Rohtak constituency, was the lone Congress candidate to win in 2014 Lok Sabha elections. However, the Hoodas do not see a problem with dynasty politics. He told PTI, “if people have been voting for us for several terms means they have faith in us and find us credible. What is the problem with that?” PTI
London: Nicholas Hoult says he would love to reprise his role in the X-Men series if there are plans to bring the mutant back in other films in the Marvel franchise. Filmmaker Simon Kinberg, who has directed the upcoming Dark Phoenix, recently said the Sophie Turner-led film marks the “culmination” of all the movies made under the X-Men franchise. Hoult, who plays Beast/ Hank McCoy in the films, said while he is uncertain about how the series will branch ahead of Fox Studios’ merger with Disney, he would like to be a part of these films. “That’s the thing, it’s a character that I love. That character’s grown as I’ve grown, and I feel like when I grow and get older and discover new things in life I can put more into the character. The actor said he did not expect to play Beast for as long as he has.
New Delhi: China-based Transsion Holdings’ itel Mobile is set to launch a new feature-packed smartphone in India on May 16 that would take Redmi 6A head on. Industry sources told IANS on Monday that the power-packed itel device is likely to be launched below Rs 5,000. On the other hand, the 2GB and 16GB Redmi 6A is currently priced at Rs 5,999. The device may house features like AI dual camera, capable of performing tasks beyond just capturing good pictures, 2GB RAM for multitasking, latest Android Pie 9 OS, full screen HD+ display and double security features like fingerprint and face unlock. Sources said that the upcoming itel device would be a good choice in the budget smartphone segment. The latest itel portfolio includes A44 Air (5.45-inch full screen device), A44 power and A23 — priced at Rs 4,399, Rs 4,599 and Rs 3,999 respectively. The latest addition could be a game changer for first time buyers and those consumers who are willing to upgrade from old entry level handsets. The company logged 7 per cent share in the feature phone segment in the first quarter of 2019, according to Counterpoint Research.
Rabat – After he had an accident with Tom Coronel in Marrakech, driver Mehdi Bennani of Morocco was disqualified from the race on Sunday for being underweight.This is big disappointment for Moroccans who were expecting their superstar to shine in the World Touring Car Championship that kicked off on Sunday in Marrakech.Bennani crashed into Tom Coronel at the startline, and Coronel’s Chevrolet was destroyed after it hit the wall hard and then bounced back across the track. Bennani has been given a three-place grid penalty for the race next week for the incident, but the worst is yet to come.After Mehdi Bennani passed Mikhail Kozlowski and was ranked fifth in the provisional results, he was supposed to qualify to the second race of World Touring Car Championship. However he has been disqualified for technical reasons.According to Touring Car Times, Bennani “has now been excluded as his car has been found to be underweight in scrutinizing.”According to the same source, “the minimum weight for the Honda Civic, like the Citroën, the Lada and the Chevrolet, which all are running maximum ballast in Morocco and France is 1,164kg.”Edited by Jessica Rohan© Morocco World News. All Rights Reserved. This material may not be published, rewritten or redistributed
Brandon Moore is no longer going to play for the Dallas Cowboys.After a change of heart, just a day after Moore verbally agreed to a one-year contract with the Cowboys, he decided to retire from the game all together.At the old age – by NFL standards – of 33 Moore didn’t want to quit, but after failed attempts to get his asking price of $3 million to $4 million, he decided it was time to move on with his life.“I was wrestling with it all night,” Moore told FOXSports.com’s Mike Garafolo on Wednesday. “I was excited, but when you start looking at all the personal factors that go into it and the commitment on the football side and you’ve been in a different mental state also the past three or four months because no action’s been happening, you kind of move on with your life.”He went on to say, “I was happy with that and fine with that. But when you get a call from a coach I care deeply for in (Cowboys offensive coordinator) Bill Callahan, you start to feel it, you get excited and you’re finally like, ‘I want to do it.’ But you map out the logistics of it all — the physical and mental commitment, the tear on your family.”Moore was rated fourth best guard in the NFL last season. A dominant run blocker and pass blocker protector for the Jets in 2012, he hasn’t missed a start since 2004. Moore still has a lot of play in him, and would have been a valuable addition to the Cowboys. It’s a shame he gave it all up.
Jantel Lavender has received numerous accolades throughout her career at Ohio State. The senior center can now add 2010-11 Associated Press Preseason All-American to her resume. The three-time reigning Big Ten Player of the Year was also named to the AP’s Preseason All-American team last season and went on to average 21.4 points and 10.3 for the Buckeyes. Lavender said she spent her summer improving her game to earn higher honors at the end of the season. “The goal is to be a national player of the year,” Lavender said. “I really improved my game over this last summer because I’ve gotten a chance to be here for the whole summer. I’m looking forward to being a much better player in every aspect, mentally, physically, and a good teammate.” A 65-member national media panel selected the team. Joining Lavender on this season’s team is Connecticut’s Maya Moore, Baylor’s Brittney Griner, Stanford’s Nnemkadi Ogwumike and Oklahoma’s Danielle Robinson. Being selected to the team is the latest preseason honor for the Cleveland native. Lavender was also named to the watch list for the Wooden Award, given to the nation’s top player, besides being named the preseason Big Ten Player of the Year. Lavender is also on pace to break Katie Smith’s OSU women’s career scoring record of 2,578 points. Lavender has scored 2,044 points in her career and averaged 20 points per game. OSU coach Jim Foster said team success — not individual honors — would define Lavender’s career as a Buckeye. “Preseason stuff’s nice, its great for setting expectations,” Foster said. “I think Jantel’s career will be measured by championships more so than points scored.” Lavender said one honor in particular would mean more to her than any other this season. “I’m not really an individualistically (sic) type of person, I’m more team-based,” Lavender said. “I don’t think that we’ve gotten to the place that I want to be, you know, as a far as a team. “I want a national championship. I think that we’ve said that every year and, you know, it’s easily said and not easily done.”
Dan Cohen AUTHOR The Senate on Thursday approved an amendment to a two-bill spending package allocating $20 million to the new authority allowing DOD to provide funding to state and local governments for off-base infrastructure projects, bringing the opportunity for communities to obtain funding under the Defense Community Infrastructure Pilot Program in the new fiscal year one step closer. By Thursday evening, the chamber approved the underlying $857 billion minibus made up of the defense and Labor-HHS-Education appropriations measures.The Senate’s approval of the fiscal 2019 defense spending bill in August positions Congress to possibly avoid starting the new fiscal year with a series of continuing resolutions to fund the Pentagon. The path to working out a compromise spending bill with the House that could be sent to the president is uncertain, however. The House passed its FY 2019 defense spending bill in June, but its Labor-HHS-Education measure has not been debated on the floor. One option is for the chambers to hash out a conference report for the defense bill by itself, but that’s not the first choice of Senate Appropriations Chairman Richard Shelby (R-Ala.). “We’d like to go to conference as soon as we can with the House with the bills coupled together,” Shelby said, reported CQ.The chairman of the House Labor-HHS-Education Appropriations Subcommittee also indicated he would like to see the two spending bills move together as a way to gain House Republicans’ support for a large domestic spending measure. Attaching the two, though, likely would complicate the path toward a House-Senate compromise, slowing enactment of the defense title. The good news is there are five weeks before the new fiscal year gets under way.At this point, passage of the Senate amendment funding the defense community infrastructure initiative represents a significant achievement for ADC, with much of the credit going to Sen. Jerry Moran (R-Kan.), co-chair of the Senate Defense Communities Caucus, and the association’s Federal Outreach Advisory Committee.The provision was included in a package of non-controversial amendments that passed by unanimous consent. Another provision, offered by Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.), would allocate $45 million to clean PFOA and PFOS contamination at military bases.The defense spending bill would provide about $675 billion for military and intelligence programs, including almost $68 billion for the overseas contingency operations account, matching the topline in the House version. Still, there are considerable differences in funding for individual programs between the two versions that need to be reconciled.
ADC AUTHOR Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) became the fourth senator to say he’ll back a House-passed resolution reversing President Trump’s declaration to use military construction funds to build a southern border wall.“I can’t vote to give the President the power to spend money that hasn’t been appropriated by Congress,” Paul said Sunday, according to the Bowling Green Daily News. “We may want more money for border security, but Congress didn’t authorize it. If we take away those checks and balances, it’s a dangerous thing.”Sens. Susan Collins (R-Maine), Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) and Thom Tillis (R-N.C.) have said they will support the resolution when it comes to the Senate floor. If four Republicans join all Democrats, the resolution would pass in the Senate, but Congress does not seem to have the votes to override a promised veto.DOD photo by U.S. Army Sgt. Amber I. Smith
ADC AUTHOR More details of the President’s budget request will start to emerge in coming days as Pentagon leaders testify on the President’s budget request. Here are upcoming hearings to follow, some of which will stream online:Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson and Chief of Staff Gen. David Goldfein will testify Wednesday morning in the Senate Defense Appropriations Subcommittee.Cyber Command leaders appear before the House Armed Services Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee Wednesday afternoon.Acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan, Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Gen. Joe Dunford and Principal Deputy Under Secretary Elaine McCusker will be before the Senate Armed Services Committee Thursday morning.Air Force acquisitions officials testify before the House Armed Services Seapower and Projection Forces Subcommittee Thursday morning.DOD Photo by Navy Petty Officer 1st Class Dominique A. Pineiro
The current year has proved to be a profitable one for investors applying for initial public offerings (IPOs) of companies, with six of the 10 listings delivering returns to investors upwards of 20 percent. In this context, it needs to be pointed out that two companies that recently closed their public offers â€” Quess Corp and Mahanagar Gas Limited â€” saw their issues oversubscribed, with Mahanagar listing at a 28 premium. Quess Corp, whose IPO was oversubscribed 144 times, will get listed shortly.The six companies that closed at a premium on Thursday to their issue price include Ujjivan Financial Services, Parag Milk Food, Equitas Holding, Thrycoare Technologies, Teamlease Services and Narayana Hrudayalaya.Ujjivan Financial ServicesShares of microfinance company Ujjivan Financial Services was the most profitable IPO for investors, delivering a return of almost 100 percent to its issue price of Rs. 210.On Friday, the Ujjivan stock was trading at Rs. 413.15 at around 3.15 p.m. on the BSE, a profit of . 97 percent to the issue price.The third-largest microfinance company had come up with an IPO comprising fresh issue of 1.7 crore shares and offer for sale of 2.5 crore shares by its existing shareholders in April-May. The issue was oversubscribed almost 40 times.Equitas HoldingsEquitas Holdings shares have also delivered good returns for investors. The diversified financial services company had issued its equity shares at Rs. 110, having come out with an IPO similar to that of Ujjivan Financial Services â€” fresh equity and offer for sale. The public offer was open between April 5 and 7 and the issue was oversubscribed 16 times.Shares of Equitas Holdings were trading at Rs. 181.05 on Friday on the BSE at around 3.15 p.m., a profit of 65 percent to its issue price.Teamlease ServicesThe staffing solutions company has also given good returns to investors who had applied for its IPO. The stock was trading at Rs. 1,109.50 on the BSE, up 30.47 percent from its issue price of Rs. 850. However, the stock listed below the issue price on its debut on Feb. 12 on the stock exchanges. The price band was fixed as Rs.785-850 by the company and the three-day public issue opened on Feb. 2, 2016.While Quess Corp is due for listing, L&T Infotech IPO opens on July 11. The company is offering 1.75 crore shares (offer for sale) in a price band of Rs. 705-710 per share.Another company that has plans to go public is PNB Housing Finance Limited, a subsidiary of Punjab National Bank.
PixabayStartups today have various ways to raise funds for their businesses, be it through venture capital, loans or the new option — perhaps the most global, inclusive and democratic: the “Initial Coin Offering” (ICO).An ICO is an unregulated means of fund raising by which startups bypass the rigorous and regulated capital-raising process required by venture capitalists or banks.In an ICO campaign, a percentage of the cryptocurrency is sold to early backers of the project in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies, but usually for bitcoin.Despite no regulation around this space, startups globally raised about $200 million in a single round of funding through ICOs and Indian satrtups are also among those garnering funds overseas.ICO is similar to an initial public offer (IPO) but instead of offering shares, an ICO sells coins – referred to as tokens, to investors. The investors, on the other hand, will invest any well known cryptocurrency (usually bitcoins or ether) into the venture in exchange for tokens.Last year, startups globally raised around $3.7 billion, according to audit and accounting firm EY.Drivezy, a peer-to-peer vehicle-sharing platform, opted for an ICO last year.Likewise Belfrics, a cryptocoin exchange platform started in 2014, raised around $2.2 million in funding through an ICO while WandX raised a little over $1 million in an ICO in Singapore last year.In an ICO, if the money raised does not meet the minimum funds required by the firm, the money is returned to the backers and the ICO is deemed to be unsuccessful. If the funds requirements are met within the specified timeframe, the money raised is used to either initiate the new scheme or to complete it.However, the lack of clarity about cryptocurrencies in India has led to companies raising funds in other markets such as the U.S., Europe and Singapore.(With inputs from the Times of India)
By Jacques Billeaud, The Associated PressAn interracial couple was walking near a Phoenix, Ariz. park when authorities say a shirtless neo-Nazi began angrily yelling a racial slur and harassing the Black man in the couple over dating a White woman.Authorities say the men exchanged tense words before Travis Ricci rushed back to a home where other White supremacists were partying, grabbed a shotgun and returned in a sedan driven by an associate. Ricci leaned out the car and fired two buckshot blasts, missing the Black man — the intended target — and killing his girlfriend, investigators said.These undated photos provided by the Arizona Department of Corrections shows Travis Ricci, left, and Aaron Levi Schmidt, right. Ricci, who authorities said was a member of a white supremacist group, is being tried in Phoenix on a murder charge in a woman’s 2009 shooting death; Schmidt, who drove Ricci, has pleaded guilty to charges of murder and assisting a criminal gang. Prosecutors say the woman, who was white, was killed because Ricci was upset that she was dating a black man. (Arizona Department of Corrections via AP)Lawyers are now picking a jury to decide whether Ricci should be convicted of murder and sentenced to death in the 2009 attack, which prosecutors say was a hate crime. Opening statements are tentatively scheduled for June 6.The case has offered several unexpected turns.Ricci, whose defense is expected to include an argument that he’s not the man he used to be, claims his great-grandfather was a member of the French Resistance killed by Nazis during World War II.Authorities are seeking the death penalty, saying 39-year-old Kelly Ann Jaeger’s killing was meant to further the interests of the Vinlanders Social Club, a neo-Nazi group with a reputation for violence that was later targeted in a law enforcement crackdown.Since prosecutors have called the attack a hate crime, they can seek as many as 11 additional years in prison — above the maximum penalty — if Ricci is convicted of other charges, such as attempted murder, drive-by shooting, aggravated assault and assisting a criminal gang.Ricci pleaded not guilty, and his lawyers have raised questions about the ability of Jaeger’s boyfriend, Jeffery Wellmaker, to identify him as the triggerman. They note that nearly two years after the attack, Wellmaker was jailed in an unrelated case and played chess with Ricci behind bars without recognizing him.Aaron Levi Schmidt, who authorities say was driving the car used in the shooting, pleaded guilty to murder in Jaeger’s death. He is already serving 11 years for assisting a criminal gang. It’s unclear if he’s been sentenced on the murder conviction.Lawyers for Ricci and Schmidt, both now 36, have said their clients weren’t members of the Vinlanders.Police reports say Ricci told associates before the attack that he saw black men hitting a white woman, though it’s unclear if that claim was accurate.Rebecca Wilder, a spokeswoman for the Maricopa County Attorney’s Office, which is prosecuting Ricci, declined to comment on the case. The Phoenix Police Department, which investigated the attack, also declined to comment.Prosecutors said in court records that Wellmaker, who was unarmed, was extremely distraught over the attack and tried to help his girlfriend after she was shot. They say Wellmaker didn’t provoke the attack and tried unsuccessfully to push Jaeger out of the path of the shotgun blast, according to court records.Ricci’s attorneys declined to answer questions about the allegations against their client.“He is a very sensitive person who cares about people in general,” said Jennifer Willmott, one of his lawyers. “He has had a very difficult life.”The attack started brewing after Ricci left his friend’s home angry and drunk, making his way into the neighborhood where he eventually noticed Jaeger and Wellmaker, according to a police report.Prosecutors say Ricci hurled a racial slur at Wellmaker and yelled, “What are you doing with a White girl?”He also told Wellmaker he was going to get “something for him,” prosecutors said.Sometime later, Jaeger and Wellmaker were near a pay phone when the sedan pulled up. Ricci fired two shells, hitting Jaeger in the stomach from about 10 feet (3 meters) away, prosecutors said.In an unrelated crime months after Jaeger’s shooting death, police say Ricci stabbed two men who tried to stop him from attacking his girlfriend. He is serving a 22-year sentence for assault and weapons misconduct convictions.
(PhysOrg.com) — As anyone who has ever used a Windows based computer for any length of time knows, the longer you have it, the slower it goes; this is because of the accumulation of data files and entries in system logs; information that in many cases isn’t really necessary. Thus, our computers slow down due to the accumulation of “waste.” Now, two computer scientists from Johns Hopkins University have published a paper on arXiv, where they argue that data waste management on computer systems could, and should be handled similarly to the way physical-world waste is managed. More information: The Life and Death of Unwanted Bits: Towards Proactive Waste Data Management in Digital Ecosystems, Ragib Hasan, Randal Burns, arXiv:1106.6062v2 [cs.ET] arxiv.org/abs/1106.6062AbstractOur everyday data processing activities create massive amounts of data. Like physical waste and trash, unwanted and unused data also pollutes the digital environment by degrading the performance and capacity of storage systems and requiring costly disposal. In this paper, we propose using the lessons from real life waste management in handling waste data. We show the impact of waste data on the performance and operational costs of our computing systems. To allow better waste data management, we define a waste hierarchy for digital objects and provide insights into how to identify and categorize waste data. Finally, we introduce novel ways of reusing, reducing, and recycling data and software to minimize the impact of data wastage. Citation: Computer scientists say it’s time to start looking at treatment of data waste (2011, July 19) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-07-scientists-treatment.html Explore further E-waste trade ban won’t end environmental threat © 2010 PhysOrg.com In their paper, Ragib Hasan and Randal Burns pick up where computer scientists at Cornel University left off after discovering in 1999 that up to 80% of files written to the hard drive by the Windows NT operating system were deleted within five seconds of being created.Hasan and Burns analyzed three computers: a MacBook laptop, a desktop running Ubuntu Linux and a Fedora Linux fileserver in the University Library (Linux is a variant of the Unix operating system used primarily at educational and research institutions). Their intent was to find out what percentage of the files on each of the computers had not been accessed since their creation. They found that the percentages for each were: MacBook: 20.6, Desktop: 47.4 and Server: 57.1 and that the percentage of disk space used for each was 98.5, 38.1 and 99.5 respectively; clearly indicating that a large number of files using a lot of disk space had never been used again once being created. This is clearly an inefficient use of resources.It is for this reason that the duo suggest a new approach be used for data waste, one that takes advantage of the research already done with physical waste; specifically, they suggest a pyramid approach be used, similar to the one put in place by physical waste management companies. At the bottom of the new pyramid would be the worst case scenarios, then moving up, the next best and so on till reaching the top, and that they be labeled as such: Dispose, Recover, Recycle, Reuse and Reduce, with zero data waste being the optimal goal.In this case, Dispose is just that, erasing the data, Recover refers to extracting usable components, Recycle would be refurbishing component for reuse, and Reuse would be using those recoverable components in another way, and Reduce, the ultimate goal would be creating software that doesn’t create waste data in the first place.Besides slowing computers down due to I/O bottlenecks, data waste can also contribute to faster burnout times for flash technology, which have a limited number of lifetime write/rewrites before dying, something the authors point out, will likely become more important as such technology is increasingly being used in hand-held computing devices. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.